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Human Genome Overview

Information concerning the continuing improvement of the human genome

The GRC is working hard to provide the best possible reference assembly for human. We do this by both generating multiple representations (alternate loci) for regions that are too complex to be represented by a single path. Additionally, we are releasing regional fixes known as patches. This allows users who are interested in a specific locus to get an improved representation without affecting users who need chromosome coordinate stability.

Getting Data

Transitioning to GRCh38? Try the NCBI Remapping Service, which uses the same assembly-assembly alignments used by the GRC.

Next assembly update

The next assembly update (GRCh38.p1) will be a minor release (no coordinate changes) and is planned for summer 2014.

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An ideogram representation of the latest human assembly, GRCh38 (not showing unplaced or unlocalized sequences).

GRCh38

  • Release date: December 24, 2013
  • Release type: major
  • Release notes: GRCh38 is the second major release of the human reference assembly made by the GRC. This release affects chromosome coordinates, includes 261 alternate loci scaffolds and corresponding alignments that provide chromosome context, and replaces centromere gaps with modeled sequence. The GRC resolved 1008 issues.
  • Assembly accession: GCF_000001405.26
PAR regions
Name Chr Start Stop
PAR#1 X 10,001 2,781,479
PAR#2 X 155,701,383 156,030,895
PAR#1 Y 10,001 2,781,479
PAR#2 Y 56,887,903 57,217,415
Modeled regions
Name Chr Start Stop Length
CEN11122,026,460125,184,5873,158,128
CEN2292,188,14694,090,5571,902,412
CEN3390,772,45993,655,5742,883,116
CEN4449,708,10151,743,9512,035,851
CEN5546,485,90150,059,8073,573,907
CEN6658,553,88959,829,9341,276,046
CEN7758,169,65460,828,2342,658,581
HET7761,377,78961,528,020150,232
CEN8844,033,74545,877,2651,843,521
CEN9943,236,16845,518,5582,282,391
CEN101039,686,68341,593,5211,906,839
CEN111151,078,34954,425,0743,346,726
CEN121234,769,40837,185,2522,415,845
CEN131316,000,00118,051,2482,051,248
CEN141416,000,00118,173,5232,173,523
CEN151517,000,00119,725,2542,725,254
CEN161636,311,15938,280,6821,969,524
CEN171722,813,68026,885,9804,072,301
CEN181815,460,90020,861,2065,400,307
CEN191924,498,98127,190,8742,691,894
CEN202026,436,23330,038,3483,602,116
CEN212110,864,56112,915,8082,051,248
CEN222212,954,78915,054,3182,099,530
CENXX58,605,58062,412,5423,806,963
CENYY10,316,94510,544,039227,095

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Gene
Alternate loci for GRCh38
Sequence IDs Assembly unit Region name Chr Start Stop Type
KI270762.1 | NT_187515.1 ALT_REF_LOCI_1 REGION108 1 2,448,811 2,791,270 alt
KI270766.1 | NT_187517.1 ALT_REF_LOCI_1 PRAME_REGION_1 1 13,075,113 13,312,803 alt
KI270760.1 | NT_187514.1 ALT_REF_LOCI_1 REGION109 1 30,352,191 30,456,601 alt
KI270765.1 | NT_187520.1 ALT_REF_LOCI_1 1Q21 1 144,488,706 144,674,781 alt
GL383518.1 | NW_003315905.1 ALT_REF_LOCI_1 REGION2 1 153,700,531 153,865,738 alt
GL383519.1 | NW_003315906.1 ALT_REF_LOCI_1 MTX1 1 155,210,382 155,305,245 alt
GL383520.2 | NW_003315907.2 ALT_REF_LOCI_1 REGION3 1 198,370,083 198,725,175 alt
KI270764.1 | NT_187521.1 ALT_REF_LOCI_1 REGION110 1 234,163,457 234,211,370 alt
KI270763.1 | NT_187519.1 ALT_REF_LOCI_1 REGION111 1 242,987,893 243,895,211 alt
KI270759.1 | NT_187516.1 ALT_REF_LOCI_1 REGION112 1 245,305,697 245,727,576 alt
KI270761.1 | NT_187518.1 ALT_REF_LOCI_1 OLFACTORY_REGION_3 1 248,352,027 248,511,794 alt
KI270892.1 | NT_187646.1 ALT_REF_LOCI_2 OLFACTORY_REGION_3 1 248,352,027 248,511,794 alt
KI270770.1 | NT_187525.1 ALT_REF_LOCI_1 REGION113 2 728,878 860,300 alt
KI270773.1 | NT_187526.1 ALT_REF_LOCI_1 REGION114 2 1,204,935 1,273,724 alt
KI270774.1 | NT_187529.1 ALT_REF_LOCI_1 REGION115 2 1,315,177 1,541,254 alt
KI270769.1 | NT_187522.1 ALT_REF_LOCI_1 REGION121 2 3,391,898 3,511,146 alt
GL383521.1 | NW_003315908.1 ALT_REF_LOCI_1 REGION4 2 36,225,959 36,363,315 alt
KI270772.1 | NT_187524.1 ALT_REF_LOCI_1 REGION116 2 90,218,337 90,402,511 alt
KI270894.1 | NT_187648.1 ALT_REF_LOCI_2 REGION116 2 90,218,337 90,402,511 alt
KI270775.1 | NT_187531.1 ALT_REF_LOCI_1 REGION117 2 115,908,855 116,040,717 alt
KI270771.1 | NT_187530.1 ALT_REF_LOCI_1 REGION118 2 116,874,515 116,981,849 alt
KI270768.1 | NT_187528.1 ALT_REF_LOCI_1 REGION119 2 131,697,037 131,806,107 alt
GL582966.2 | NW_003571033.2 ALT_REF_LOCI_1 REGION44 2 148,934,069 149,024,119 alt
GL383522.1 | NW_003315909.1 ALT_REF_LOCI_1 SPC25 2 168,830,363 168,937,194 alt
KI270767.1 | NT_187523.1 ALT_REF_LOCI_1 REGION120 2 241,787,903 242,117,508 alt
KI270776.1 | NT_187527.1 ALT_REF_LOCI_1 REGION120 2 241,787,903 242,117,508 alt
KI270893.1 | NT_187647.1 ALT_REF_LOCI_2 REGION120 2 241,787,903 242,117,508 alt
JH636055.2 | NW_003871060.2 ALT_REF_LOCI_1 REGION73 3 11,815,268 11,986,497 alt
KI270783.1 | NT_187535.1 ALT_REF_LOCI_1 REGION122 3 20,277,967 20,382,602 alt
KI270780.1 | NT_187537.1 ALT_REF_LOCI_1 REGION123 3 125,665,519 125,883,802 alt
GL383526.1 | NW_003315913.1 ALT_REF_LOCI_1 REGION5 3 151,589,366 151,759,498 alt
KI270777.1 | NT_187533.1 ALT_REF_LOCI_1 REGION124 3 154,111,571 154,282,042 alt
KI270778.1 | NT_187536.1 ALT_REF_LOCI_1 REGION125 3 166,300,784 166,544,173 alt
KI270781.1 | NT_187538.1 ALT_REF_LOCI_1 REGION126 3 184,425,340 184,533,338 alt
KI270779.1 | NT_187532.1 ALT_REF_LOCI_1 MUCIN_REGION_2 3 195,629,504 195,827,492 alt
KI270895.1 | NT_187649.1 ALT_REF_LOCI_2 MUCIN_REGION_2 3 195,629,504 195,827,492 alt
KI270924.1 | NT_187678.1 ALT_REF_LOCI_3 MUCIN_REGION_2 3 195,629,504 195,827,492 alt
KI270934.1 | NT_187688.1 ALT_REF_LOCI_4 MUCIN_REGION_2 3 195,629,504 195,827,492 alt
KI270935.1 | NT_187689.1 ALT_REF_LOCI_5 MUCIN_REGION_2 3 195,629,504 195,827,492 alt
KI270936.1 | NT_187690.1 ALT_REF_LOCI_6 MUCIN_REGION_2 3 195,629,504 195,827,492 alt
KI270937.1 | NT_187691.1 ALT_REF_LOCI_7 MUCIN_REGION_2 3 195,629,504 195,827,492 alt
KI270782.1 | NT_187534.1 ALT_REF_LOCI_1 REGION127 3 197,397,856 197,558,882 alt
KI270784.1 | NT_187539.1 ALT_REF_LOCI_1 REGION128 3 198,047,549 198,235,559 alt
KI270790.1 | NT_187540.1 ALT_REF_LOCI_1 REGION129 4 21,521,367 21,734,410 alt
GL383528.1 | NW_003315915.1 ALT_REF_LOCI_1 REGION6 4 34,517,955 34,883,858 alt
KI270787.1 | NT_187541.1 ALT_REF_LOCI_1 REGION130 4 55,678,095 55,785,754 alt
GL000257.2 | NT_167250.2 ALT_REF_LOCI_1 UGT2B17 4 68,306,359 69,010,457 alt
KI270788.1 | NT_187544.1 ALT_REF_LOCI_1 REGION131 4 120,164,199 120,317,014 alt
GL383527.1 | NW_003315914.1 ALT_REF_LOCI_1 REGION7 4 155,835,378 155,987,264 alt
KI270785.1 | NT_187542.1 ALT_REF_LOCI_1 REGION132 4 186,920,392 187,048,061 alt
KI270789.1 | NT_187545.1 ALT_REF_LOCI_1 REGION133 4 188,341,423 188,542,359 alt
KI270786.1 | NT_187543.1 ALT_REF_LOCI_1 REGION134 4 189,361,858 190,041,016 alt
KI270896.1 | NT_187650.1 ALT_REF_LOCI_2 REGION134 4 189,361,858 190,041,016 alt
KI270925.1 | NT_187679.1 ALT_REF_LOCI_3 REGION134 4 189,361,858 190,041,016 alt
KI270793.1 | NT_187550.1 ALT_REF_LOCI_1 REGION135 5 502,435 626,896 alt
KI270792.1 | NT_187548.1 ALT_REF_LOCI_1 SLC12A7 5 981,494 1,161,361 alt
KI270791.1 | NT_187547.1 ALT_REF_LOCI_1 SLC6A3 5 1,318,299 1,509,772 alt
GL383532.1 | NW_003315920.1 ALT_REF_LOCI_1 REGION9 5 12,681,426 12,744,010 alt
GL949742.1 | NW_003571036.1 ALT_REF_LOCI_1 REGION61 5 29,036,498 29,254,469 alt
KI270794.1 | NT_187551.1 ALT_REF_LOCI_1 REGION136 5 33,800,665 33,963,236 alt
GL339449.2 | NW_003315917.2 ALT_REF_LOCI_1 SMA 5 69,216,819 71,614,443 alt
KI270897.1 | NT_187651.1 ALT_REF_LOCI_2 SMA 5 69,216,819 71,614,443 alt
GL383530.1 | NW_003315918.1 ALT_REF_LOCI_1 MCTP1 5 95,169,857 95,254,491 alt
KI270796.1 | NT_187549.1 ALT_REF_LOCI_1 REGION137 5 125,279,466 125,444,151 alt
GL383531.1 | NW_003315919.1 ALT_REF_LOCI_1 REGION8 5 162,373,667 162,541,648 alt
KI270795.1 | NT_187546.1 ALT_REF_LOCI_1 REGION138 5 177,865,465 177,996,111 alt
KI270898.1 | NT_187652.1 ALT_REF_LOCI_2 REGION138 5 177,865,465 177,996,111 alt
GL000250.2 | NT_167244.2 ALT_REF_LOCI_1 MHC 6 28,510,120 33,480,577 alt
GL000251.2 | NT_113891.3 ALT_REF_LOCI_2 MHC 6 28,510,120 33,480,577 alt
GL000252.2 | NT_167245.2 ALT_REF_LOCI_3 MHC 6 28,510,120 33,480,577 alt
GL000253.2 | NT_167246.2 ALT_REF_LOCI_4 MHC 6 28,510,120 33,480,577 alt
GL000254.2 | NT_167247.2 ALT_REF_LOCI_5 MHC 6 28,510,120 33,480,577 alt
GL000255.2 | NT_167248.2 ALT_REF_LOCI_6 MHC 6 28,510,120 33,480,577 alt
GL000256.2 | NT_167249.2 ALT_REF_LOCI_7 MHC 6 28,510,120 33,480,577 alt
KI270758.1 | NT_187692.1 ALT_REF_LOCI_8 MHC 6 28,510,120 33,480,577 alt
KI270800.1 | NT_187555.1 ALT_REF_LOCI_1 REGION139 6 65,774,814 65,944,033 alt
KI270799.1 | NT_187554.1 ALT_REF_LOCI_1 REGION140 6 68,262,879 68,402,208 alt
GL383533.1 | NW_003315921.1 ALT_REF_LOCI_1 REGION10 6 79,350,008 79,446,911 alt
KI270801.1 | NT_187556.1 ALT_REF_LOCI_1 REGION141 6 127,654,803 128,521,146 alt
KI270802.1 | NT_187557.1 ALT_REF_LOCI_1 REGION142 6 166,220,580 166,285,980 alt
KB021644.2 | NW_004166862.2 ALT_REF_LOCI_1 REGION99 6 168,796,076 168,951,646 alt
KI270797.1 | NT_187552.1 ALT_REF_LOCI_1 REGION143 6 169,724,799 169,919,706 alt
KI270798.1 | NT_187553.1 ALT_REF_LOCI_1 REGION144 6 170,272,763 170,535,221 alt
KI270804.1 | NT_187558.1 ALT_REF_LOCI_1 REGION145 7 10,001 198,548 alt
KI270899.1 | NT_187653.1 ALT_REF_LOCI_2 REGION145 7 10,001 198,548 alt
KI270809.1 | NT_187561.1 ALT_REF_LOCI_1 REGION146 7 76,500,982 76,722,751 alt
KI270806.1 | NT_187559.1 ALT_REF_LOCI_1 REGION147 7 103,086,563 103,242,097 alt
GL383534.2 | NW_003315922.2 ALT_REF_LOCI_1 REGION11 7 141,633,409 141,746,583 alt
KI270803.1 | NT_187562.1 ALT_REF_LOCI_1 TRB 7 142,038,121 143,088,503 alt
KI270808.1 | NT_187564.1 ALT_REF_LOCI_1 REGION148 7 148,214,874 148,487,860 alt
KI270807.1 | NT_187563.1 ALT_REF_LOCI_1 REGION149 7 157,697,532 157,820,586 alt
KI270805.1 | NT_187560.1 ALT_REF_LOCI_1 REGION150 7 158,267,495 158,477,174 alt
KI270811.1 | NT_187565.1 ALT_REF_LOCI_1 REGION151 8 718,410 2,817,440 alt
KI270812.1 | NT_187568.1 ALT_REF_LOCI_1 REGION151 8 718,410 2,817,440 alt
KI270818.1 | NT_187572.1 ALT_REF_LOCI_1 REGION151 8 718,410 2,817,440 alt
KI270821.1 | NT_187576.1 ALT_REF_LOCI_1 REGION151 8 718,410 2,817,440 alt
KI270900.1 | NT_187654.1 ALT_REF_LOCI_2 REGION151 8 718,410 2,817,440 alt
KI270901.1 | NT_187655.1 ALT_REF_LOCI_2 REGION151 8 718,410 2,817,440 alt
KI270926.1 | NT_187680.1 ALT_REF_LOCI_3 REGION151 8 718,410 2,817,440 alt
KI270813.1 | NT_187570.1 ALT_REF_LOCI_1 DEFENSIN_REGION_1 8 7,308,874 7,617,127 alt
KI270822.1 | NT_187577.1 ALT_REF_LOCI_1 ADAM5 8 39,094,318 39,873,856 alt
KI270814.1 | NT_187566.1 ALT_REF_LOCI_1 REGION152 8 57,173,351 57,303,398 alt
KI270810.1 | NT_187567.1 ALT_REF_LOCI_1 REGION153 8 128,554,723 128,925,740 alt
KI270819.1 | NT_187574.1 ALT_REF_LOCI_1 REGION154 8 141,333,447 141,461,079 alt
KI270820.1 | NT_187575.1 ALT_REF_LOCI_1 REGION155 8 141,766,834 141,800,272 alt
KI270817.1 | NT_187573.1 ALT_REF_LOCI_1 REGION156 8 143,009,713 143,163,398 alt
KI270816.1 | NT_187571.1 ALT_REF_LOCI_1 REGION157 8 143,509,961 143,828,794 alt
KI270815.1 | NT_187569.1 ALT_REF_LOCI_1 REGION158 8 144,628,750 144,757,761 alt
GL383539.1 | NW_003315928.1 ALT_REF_LOCI_1 REGION14 9 7,428,994 7,577,169 alt
GL383540.1 | NW_003315929.1 ALT_REF_LOCI_1 REGION13 9 69,413,743 69,477,097 alt
GL383541.1 | NW_003315930.1 ALT_REF_LOCI_1 MAMDC2 9 70,024,113 70,189,318 alt
GL383542.1 | NW_003315931.1 ALT_REF_LOCI_1 REGION15 9 88,179,047 88,227,980 alt
KI270823.1 | NT_187578.1 ALT_REF_LOCI_1 LPPR1 9 100,948,798 101,378,291 alt
GL383545.1 | NW_003315934.1 ALT_REF_LOCI_1 REGION16 10 27,285,655 27,417,608 alt
KI270824.1 | NT_187579.1 ALT_REF_LOCI_1 REGION159 10 42,103,240 42,298,939 alt
GL383546.1 | NW_003315935.1 ALT_REF_LOCI_1 REGION18 10 45,175,233 45,468,971 alt
KI270825.1 | NT_187580.1 ALT_REF_LOCI_1 REGION160 10 77,761,309 77,931,226 alt
KI270832.1 | NT_187586.1 ALT_REF_LOCI_1 REGION104 11 470,360 678,681 alt
KI270902.1 | NT_187656.1 ALT_REF_LOCI_2 MUCIN_REGION_1 11 937,258 1,150,311 alt
KI270927.1 | NT_187681.1 ALT_REF_LOCI_3 MUCIN_REGION_1 11 937,258 1,150,311 alt
KI270830.1 | NT_187584.1 ALT_REF_LOCI_1 KRTAP_REGION_2 11 1,523,474 1,740,879 alt
KI270903.1 | NT_187657.1 ALT_REF_LOCI_2 KRTAP_REGION_2 11 1,523,474 1,740,879 alt
KI270831.1 | NT_187585.1 ALT_REF_LOCI_1 REGION105 11 2,767,814 3,065,846 alt
KI270829.1 | NT_187583.1 ALT_REF_LOCI_1 OLFACTORY_REGION_2 11 7,779,133 7,972,558 alt
GL383547.1 | NW_003315936.1 ALT_REF_LOCI_1 REGION19 11 25,170,407 25,319,080 alt
JH159136.1 | NW_003871073.1 ALT_REF_LOCI_1 OLFACTORY_REGION_1 11 56,189,252 56,873,567 alt
JH159137.1 | NW_003871074.1 ALT_REF_LOCI_1 OLFACTORY_REGION_1 11 56,189,252 56,873,567 alt
KI270827.1 | NT_187582.1 ALT_REF_LOCI_1 REGION106 11 69,165,291 69,229,344 alt
KI270826.1 | NT_187581.1 ALT_REF_LOCI_1 REGION107 11 134,773,600 134,962,792 alt
GL877875.1 | NW_003571049.1 ALT_REF_LOCI_1 REGION50 12 10,001 173,298 alt
GL877876.1 | NW_003571050.1 ALT_REF_LOCI_1 PRH1_PRR4 12 10,801,295 11,377,386 alt
KI270837.1 | NT_187588.1 ALT_REF_LOCI_1 PRH1_PRR4 12 10,801,295 11,377,386 alt
KI270904.1 | NT_187658.1 ALT_REF_LOCI_2 PRH1_PRR4 12 10,801,295 11,377,386 alt
GL383549.1 | NW_003315938.1 ALT_REF_LOCI_1 REGION21 12 27,996,034 28,110,778 alt
KI270835.1 | NT_187587.1 ALT_REF_LOCI_1 OVOS2 12 31,111,480 31,347,345 alt
GL383550.2 | NW_003315939.2 ALT_REF_LOCI_1 REGION22 12 57,932,737 58,092,755 alt
GL383552.1 | NW_003315941.1 ALT_REF_LOCI_1 REGION23 12 58,929,265 59,060,870 alt
GL383553.2 | NW_003315942.2 ALT_REF_LOCI_1 REGION24 12 101,111,599 101,258,295 alt
KI270834.1 | NT_187590.1 ALT_REF_LOCI_1 REGION161 12 123,826,509 123,945,954 alt
GL383551.1 | NW_003315940.1 ALT_REF_LOCI_1 REGION20 12 126,227,198 126,405,474 alt
KI270833.1 | NT_187589.1 ALT_REF_LOCI_1 REGION162 12 130,323,076 130,394,967 alt
KI270836.1 | NT_187591.1 ALT_REF_LOCI_1 REGION163 12 131,543,020 131,584,984 alt
KI270840.1 | NT_187594.1 ALT_REF_LOCI_1 REGION164 13 18,698,351 18,884,136 alt
KI270839.1 | NT_187593.1 ALT_REF_LOCI_1 REGION165 13 25,652,362 25,828,680 alt
KI270843.1 | NT_187597.1 ALT_REF_LOCI_1 REGION166 13 70,341,886 70,442,876 alt
KI270841.1 | NT_187595.1 ALT_REF_LOCI_1 REGION167 13 89,598,964 89,764,093 alt
KI270838.1 | NT_187592.1 ALT_REF_LOCI_1 REGION168 13 112,182,875 112,505,943 alt
KI270842.1 | NT_187596.1 ALT_REF_LOCI_1 REGION169 13 113,727,531 113,763,795 alt
KI270844.1 | NT_187598.1 ALT_REF_LOCI_1 REGION170 14 91,535,865 91,854,371 alt
KI270847.1 | NT_187601.1 ALT_REF_LOCI_1 IGH 14 92,885,439 94,394,539 alt
KI270845.1 | NT_187599.1 ALT_REF_LOCI_1 SERPIN_REGION_1 14 104,449,322 104,622,880 alt
KI270846.1 | NT_187600.1 ALT_REF_LOCI_1 REGION171 14 105,533,003 106,860,219 alt
KI270848.1 | NT_187603.1 ALT_REF_LOCI_1 PRADER_WILLI 15 21,242,091 23,226,874 alt
KI270851.1 | NT_187604.1 ALT_REF_LOCI_1 PRADER_WILLI 15 21,242,091 23,226,874 alt
KI270852.1 | NT_187602.1 ALT_REF_LOCI_1 PRADER_WILLI 15 21,242,091 23,226,874 alt
KI270906.1 | NT_187659.1 ALT_REF_LOCI_2 PRADER_WILLI 15 21,242,091 23,226,874 alt
GL383554.1 | NW_003315943.1 ALT_REF_LOCI_1 REGION25 15 27,865,714 32,946,929 alt
KI270905.1 | NT_187660.1 ALT_REF_LOCI_2 REGION25 15 27,865,714 32,946,929 alt
KI270849.1 | NT_187605.1 ALT_REF_LOCI_1 TRIM69 15 44,676,664 44,913,053 alt
GL383555.2 | NW_003315944.2 ALT_REF_LOCI_1 MEGF11 15 65,908,183 66,284,818 alt
KI270850.1 | NT_187606.1 ALT_REF_LOCI_1 REGION172 15 82,289,984 82,641,774 alt
KI270854.1 | NT_187610.1 ALT_REF_LOCI_1 RAB11FIP3 16 400,855 531,525 alt
KI270856.1 | NT_187609.1 ALT_REF_LOCI_1 REGION173 16 1,871,895 1,933,852 alt
KI270855.1 | NT_187608.1 ALT_REF_LOCI_1 PAM16 16 4,299,637 4,530,534 alt
KI270853.1 | NT_187607.1 ALT_REF_LOCI_1 REGION174 16 14,427,144 16,998,739 alt
GL383556.1 | NW_003315945.1 ALT_REF_LOCI_1 REGION26 16 55,772,981 55,968,548 alt
GL383557.1 | NW_003315946.1 ALT_REF_LOCI_1 SNTB2 16 69,140,151 69,224,690 alt
GL383563.3 | NW_003315952.3 ALT_REF_LOCI_1 DOC2B_RPH3AL 17 60,001 402,637 alt
KI270907.1 | NT_187662.1 ALT_REF_LOCI_2 DOC2B_RPH3AL 17 60,001 402,637 alt
KI270862.1 | NT_187613.1 ALT_REF_LOCI_1 ABR 17 960,754 1,449,331 alt
KI270910.1 | NT_187664.1 ALT_REF_LOCI_2 ABR 17 960,754 1,449,331 alt
KI270861.1 | NT_187611.1 ALT_REF_LOCI_1 WDR81 17 1,569,973 1,767,739 alt
KI270857.1 | NT_187614.1 ALT_REF_LOCI_1 CCL5_TBC1D3 17 35,765,469 38,841,755 alt
KI270909.1 | NT_187661.1 ALT_REF_LOCI_2 CCL5_TBC1D3 17 35,765,469 38,841,755 alt
GL383564.2 | NW_003315953.2 ALT_REF_LOCI_1 KRTAP_REGION_1 17 40,850,733 41,432,935 alt
JH159146.1 | NW_003871091.1 ALT_REF_LOCI_1 KRTAP_REGION_1 17 40,850,733 41,432,935 alt
JH159147.1 | NW_003871092.1 ALT_REF_LOCI_1 KRTAP_REGION_1 17 40,850,733 41,432,935 alt
JH159148.1 | NW_003871093.1 ALT_REF_LOCI_2 KRTAP_REGION_1 17 40,850,733 41,432,935 alt
GL000258.2 | NT_167251.2 ALT_REF_LOCI_1 MAPT 17 45,309,498 46,903,773 alt
KI270908.1 | NT_187663.1 ALT_REF_LOCI_2 MAPT 17 45,309,498 46,903,773 alt
GL383565.1 | NW_003315954.1 ALT_REF_LOCI_1 REGION28 17 70,306,278 70,524,219 alt
KI270858.1 | NT_187615.1 ALT_REF_LOCI_1 REGION175 17 71,584,518 71,819,311 alt
KI270859.1 | NT_187616.1 ALT_REF_LOCI_1 REGION176 17 72,833,331 72,935,743 alt
GL383566.1 | NW_003315955.1 ALT_REF_LOCI_1 REGION30 17 77,220,730 77,299,326 alt
KI270860.1 | NT_187612.1 ALT_REF_LOCI_1 B3GNTL1 17 82,922,720 83,103,577 alt
KI270864.1 | NT_187618.1 ALT_REF_LOCI_1 REGION177 18 43,667,277 43,773,892 alt
GL383567.1 | NW_003315956.1 ALT_REF_LOCI_1 REGION31 18 50,292,194 50,574,792 alt
GL383570.1 | NW_003315959.1 ALT_REF_LOCI_1 REGION32 18 51,662,936 51,821,642 alt
GL383571.1 | NW_003315960.1 ALT_REF_LOCI_1 REGION33 18 67,423,723 67,552,551 alt
GL383568.1 | NW_003315957.1 ALT_REF_LOCI_1 REGION34 18 72,933,122 73,024,781 alt
GL383569.1 | NW_003315958.1 ALT_REF_LOCI_1 REGION35 18 78,493,467 78,664,469 alt
KI270912.1 | NT_187665.1 ALT_REF_LOCI_2 REGION35 18 78,493,467 78,664,469 alt
GL383572.1 | NW_003315961.1 ALT_REF_LOCI_1 REGION36 18 78,934,886 79,088,997 alt
KI270911.1 | NT_187666.1 ALT_REF_LOCI_2 REGION36 18 78,934,886 79,088,997 alt
KI270863.1 | NT_187617.1 ALT_REF_LOCI_1 REGION178 18 79,563,122 79,725,366 alt
KI270868.1 | NT_187622.1 ALT_REF_LOCI_1 ELANE 19 821,158 881,412 alt
KI270865.1 | NT_187621.1 ALT_REF_LOCI_1 SBNO2 19 1,107,414 1,158,195 alt
GL383573.1 | NW_003315962.1 ALT_REF_LOCI_1 ZNF66 19 20,663,141 21,042,381 alt
GL383575.2 | NW_003315964.2 ALT_REF_LOCI_1 REGION37 19 21,648,290 21,809,032 alt
GL383576.1 | NW_003315965.1 ALT_REF_LOCI_1 REGION39 19 22,120,850 22,300,666 alt
GL383574.1 | NW_003315963.1 ALT_REF_LOCI_1 REGION38 19 34,152,260 34,300,950 alt
KI270866.1 | NT_187619.1 ALT_REF_LOCI_1 GPI 19 34,350,807 34,392,977 alt
KI270867.1 | NT_187620.1 ALT_REF_LOCI_1 CEACAM_REGION_1 19 41,456,581 41,682,000 alt
GL000209.2 | NT_113949.2 ALT_REF_LOCI_35 LRC_KIR 19 54,025,634 55,084,318 alt
GL949746.1 | NW_003571054.1 ALT_REF_LOCI_1 LRC_KIR 19 54,025,634 55,084,318 alt
GL949747.2 | NW_003571055.2 ALT_REF_LOCI_2 LRC_KIR 19 54,025,634 55,084,318 alt
GL949748.2 | NW_003571056.2 ALT_REF_LOCI_3 LRC_KIR 19 54,025,634 55,084,318 alt
GL949749.2 | NW_003571057.2 ALT_REF_LOCI_4 LRC_KIR 19 54,025,634 55,084,318 alt
GL949750.2 | NW_003571058.2 ALT_REF_LOCI_5 LRC_KIR 19 54,025,634 55,084,318 alt
GL949751.2 | NW_003571059.2 ALT_REF_LOCI_6 LRC_KIR 19 54,025,634 55,084,318 alt
GL949752.1 | NW_003571060.1 ALT_REF_LOCI_7 LRC_KIR 19 54,025,634 55,084,318 alt
GL949753.2 | NW_003571061.2 ALT_REF_LOCI_8 LRC_KIR 19 54,025,634 55,084,318 alt
KI270882.1 | NT_187636.1 ALT_REF_LOCI_10 LRC_KIR 19 54,025,634 55,084,318 alt
KI270883.1 | NT_187637.1 ALT_REF_LOCI_11 LRC_KIR 19 54,025,634 55,084,318 alt
KI270884.1 | NT_187638.1 ALT_REF_LOCI_12 LRC_KIR 19 54,025,634 55,084,318 alt
KI270885.1 | NT_187639.1 ALT_REF_LOCI_13 LRC_KIR 19 54,025,634 55,084,318 alt
KI270886.1 | NT_187640.1 ALT_REF_LOCI_14 LRC_KIR 19 54,025,634 55,084,318 alt
KI270887.1 | NT_187641.1 ALT_REF_LOCI_15 LRC_KIR 19 54,025,634 55,084,318 alt
KI270888.1 | NT_187642.1 ALT_REF_LOCI_16 LRC_KIR 19 54,025,634 55,084,318 alt
KI270889.1 | NT_187643.1 ALT_REF_LOCI_17 LRC_KIR 19 54,025,634 55,084,318 alt
KI270890.1 | NT_187644.1 ALT_REF_LOCI_18 LRC_KIR 19 54,025,634 55,084,318 alt
KI270891.1 | NT_187645.1 ALT_REF_LOCI_19 LRC_KIR 19 54,025,634 55,084,318 alt
KI270914.1 | NT_187668.1 ALT_REF_LOCI_20 LRC_KIR 19 54,025,634 55,084,318 alt
KI270915.1 | NT_187669.1 ALT_REF_LOCI_21 LRC_KIR 19 54,025,634 55,084,318 alt
KI270916.1 | NT_187670.1 ALT_REF_LOCI_22 LRC_KIR 19 54,025,634 55,084,318 alt
KI270917.1 | NT_187671.1 ALT_REF_LOCI_23 LRC_KIR 19 54,025,634 55,084,318 alt
KI270918.1 | NT_187672.1 ALT_REF_LOCI_24 LRC_KIR 19 54,025,634 55,084,318 alt
KI270919.1 | NT_187673.1 ALT_REF_LOCI_25 LRC_KIR 19 54,025,634 55,084,318 alt
KI270920.1 | NT_187674.1 ALT_REF_LOCI_26 LRC_KIR 19 54,025,634 55,084,318 alt
KI270921.1 | NT_187675.1 ALT_REF_LOCI_27 LRC_KIR 19 54,025,634 55,084,318 alt
KI270922.1 | NT_187676.1 ALT_REF_LOCI_28 LRC_KIR 19 54,025,634 55,084,318 alt
KI270923.1 | NT_187677.1 ALT_REF_LOCI_29 LRC_KIR 19 54,025,634 55,084,318 alt
KI270929.1 | NT_187683.1 ALT_REF_LOCI_30 LRC_KIR 19 54,025,634 55,084,318 alt
KI270930.1 | NT_187684.1 ALT_REF_LOCI_31 LRC_KIR 19 54,025,634 55,084,318 alt
KI270931.1 | NT_187685.1 ALT_REF_LOCI_32 LRC_KIR 19 54,025,634 55,084,318 alt
KI270932.1 | NT_187686.1 ALT_REF_LOCI_33 LRC_KIR 19 54,025,634 55,084,318 alt
KI270933.1 | NT_187687.1 ALT_REF_LOCI_34 LRC_KIR 19 54,025,634 55,084,318 alt
KI270938.1 | NT_187693.1 ALT_REF_LOCI_9 LRC_KIR 19 54,025,634 55,084,318 alt
GL383577.2 | NW_003315966.2 ALT_REF_LOCI_1 REGION40 20 17,771,102 17,893,471 alt
KI270869.1 | NT_187623.1 ALT_REF_LOCI_1 REGION179 20 61,886,306 62,008,187 alt
KI270871.1 | NT_187625.1 ALT_REF_LOCI_1 REGION181 20 63,414,721 63,471,095 alt
KI270870.1 | NT_187624.1 ALT_REF_LOCI_1 REGION180 20 64,095,055 64,274,842 alt
GL383578.2 | NW_003315967.2 ALT_REF_LOCI_1 REGION41 21 14,424,141 14,475,471 alt
KI270874.1 | NT_187628.1 ALT_REF_LOCI_1 REGION182 21 17,146,893 17,310,433 alt
KI270873.1 | NT_187627.1 ALT_REF_LOCI_1 REGION183 21 17,603,695 17,744,061 alt
GL383579.2 | NW_003315968.2 ALT_REF_LOCI_1 REGION42 21 22,102,474 22,296,968 alt
GL383580.2 | NW_003315969.2 ALT_REF_LOCI_1 REGION43 21 32,769,079 32,837,937 alt
GL383581.2 | NW_003315970.2 ALT_REF_LOCI_1 TMEM50B 21 33,405,429 33,512,559 alt
KI270872.1 | NT_187626.1 ALT_REF_LOCI_1 SPATC1L 21 46,140,942 46,221,322 alt
KI270875.1 | NT_187629.1 ALT_REF_LOCI_1 IGL 22 22,373,449 22,624,257 alt
KI270878.1 | NT_187632.1 ALT_REF_LOCI_1 REGION184 22 23,354,043 23,516,062 alt
KI270879.1 | NT_187633.1 ALT_REF_LOCI_1 REGION185 22 23,763,639 24,013,509 alt
KI270876.1 | NT_187630.1 ALT_REF_LOCI_1 APOL5 22 35,685,234 35,942,668 alt
KI270877.1 | NT_187631.1 ALT_REF_LOCI_1 REGION186 22 36,779,214 36,877,704 alt
GL383583.2 | NW_003315972.2 ALT_REF_LOCI_1 APOBEC 22 38,884,294 39,011,160 alt
GL383582.2 | NW_003315971.2 ALT_REF_LOCI_1 CYP2D6 22 42,077,656 42,253,758 alt
KB663609.1 | NW_004504305.1 ALT_REF_LOCI_2 CYP2D6 22 42,077,656 42,253,758 alt
KI270928.1 | NT_187682.1 ALT_REF_LOCI_3 CYP2D6 22 42,077,656 42,253,758 alt
KI270880.1 | NT_187634.1 ALT_REF_LOCI_1 REGION187 X 319,338 601,516 alt
KI270913.1 | NT_187667.1 ALT_REF_LOCI_2 REGION187 X 319,338 601,516 alt
KI270881.1 | NT_187635.1 ALT_REF_LOCI_1 REGION188 X 79,965,154 80,097,082 alt

GRCh37 Patch Release 13 (GRCh37.p13)

  • Release date: June 28, 2013
  • Release type: minor
  • Release notes: In this minor assembly release, 10 patches were added, all of type FIX. Also, 15 patches were updated, 14 of type FIX and 1 of type NOVEL.
  • Assembly accession: GCF_000001405.25
Pseudoautosomal region information for GRCh37.p13
Name Chr Start Stop
PAR#1 X 60,001 2,699,520
PAR#2 X 154,931,044 155,260,560
PAR#1 Y 10,001 2,649,520
PAR#2 Y 59,034,050 59,363,566
Human Alternate Locus/Patch Information for GRCh37.p13
Sequence IDs Assembly Unit Region Name Chr Start Stop Patch Type
JH806574.2 | NW_004070864.2 PATCHES REGION77 1 3,823,584 3,845,268 fix
GL949741.1 | NW_003571030.1 PATCHES REGION60 1 31,872,759 32,017,063 fix
JH636053.3 | NW_003871056.3 PATCHES 1P11 1 120,471,050 121,346,350 fix
JH636052.4 | NW_003871055.3 PATCHES 1Q21 1 143,871,003 150,440,213 fix
GL383518.1 | NW_003315905.1 PATCHES REGION2 1 153,673,007 153,838,214 novel
GL383519.1 | NW_003315906.1 PATCHES MTX1 1 155,180,173 155,275,036 novel
GL383520.1 | NW_003315907.1 PATCHES REGION3 1 198,339,213 198,694,304 novel
JH806573.1 | NW_004070863.1 PATCHES REGION78 1 205,916,833 205,922,707 fix
JH636054.1 | NW_003871057.1 PATCHES 1Q32 1 206,072,708 206,940,869 fix
JH806575.1 | NW_004070865.1 PATCHES REGION79 1 235,167,042 235,192,211 fix
GL383516.1 | NW_003315903.1 PATCHES REGION1 1 248,865,779 249,098,883 fix
GL383517.1 | NW_003315904.1 PATCHES REGION1 1 248,865,779 249,098,883 fix
GL383521.1 | NW_003315908.1 PATCHES REGION4 2 36,453,102 36,590,458 novel
KB663603.1 | NW_004504299.1 PATCHES CD207 2 70,660,851 71,260,429 fix
GL877871.1 | NW_003571032.1 PATCHES REGION55 2 95,326,172 95,618,108 fix
GL582966.2 | NW_003571033.2 PATCHES REGION44 2 149,790,583 149,880,633 novel
GL383522.1 | NW_003315909.1 PATCHES SPC25 2 169,686,873 169,793,704 novel
GL877870.2 | NW_003571031.1 PATCHES REGION54 2 243,059,660 243,189,373 fix
JH636055.1 | NW_003871060.1 PATCHES REGION73 3 11,856,742 12,027,971 novel
JH159132.1 | NW_003871059.1 PATCHES SEMA3B 3 50,267,585 50,368,277 fix
GL383523.1 | NW_003315910.1 PATCHES VPRBP 3 51,416,109 51,584,055 fix
KE332495.1 | NW_004775426.1 PATCHES DCP1A 3 53,185,062 53,448,933 fix
GL383524.1 | NW_003315911.1 PATCHES DNAH12 3 57,369,478 57,399,969 fix
JH159131.1 | NW_003871058.1 PATCHES REGION64 3 60,558,332 60,952,039 fix
GL383525.1 | NW_003315912.1 PATCHES SLC25A26 3 66,270,271 66,308,065 fix
GL383526.1 | NW_003315913.1 PATCHES REGION5 3 151,307,154 151,477,286 novel
KE332496.1 | NW_004775427.1 PATCHES ZNF595_ZNF718 4 10,001 507,004 fix
GL383528.1 | NW_003315915.1 PATCHES REGION6 4 34,519,577 34,885,480 novel
GL383529.1 | NW_003315916.1 PATCHES LPHN3 4 62,777,687 62,877,254 novel
GL000257.1 | NT_167250.1 ALT_REF_LOCI_8 UGT2B17 4 69,170,077 69,878,175 na
GL582967.1 | NW_003571035.1 PATCHES REGION45 4 75,382,210 75,689,879 fix
GL383527.1 | NW_003315914.1 PATCHES REGION7 4 156,756,530 156,908,416 novel
GL877872.1 | NW_003571034.1 PATCHES REGION56 4 190,828,226 191,044,276 fix
GL383532.1 | NW_003315920.1 PATCHES REGION9 5 12,681,538 12,744,122 novel
GL949742.1 | NW_003571036.1 PATCHES REGION61 5 29,036,605 29,254,576 novel
GL339449.2 | NW_003315917.2 PATCHES SMA 5 68,512,646 70,910,270 novel
GL383530.1 | NW_003315918.1 PATCHES MCTP1 5 94,505,561 94,590,195 novel
JH159133.1 | NW_003871061.1 PATCHES PPIP5K2 5 102,420,838 102,687,150 fix
KE332497.1 | NW_004775428.1 PATCHES PCDHB 5 140,144,410 140,687,716 fix
GL383531.1 | NW_003315919.1 PATCHES REGION8 5 161,800,673 161,968,654 novel
JH806576.1 | NW_004070866.1 PATCHES REGION80 6 26,585,843 26,826,779 fix
GL000250.1 | NT_167244.1 ALT_REF_LOCI_1 MHC 6 28,477,797 33,448,354 na
GL000251.1 | NT_113891.2 ALT_REF_LOCI_2 MHC 6 28,477,797 33,448,354 na
GL000252.1 | NT_167245.1 ALT_REF_LOCI_3 MHC 6 28,477,797 33,448,354 na
GL000253.1 | NT_167246.1 ALT_REF_LOCI_4 MHC 6 28,477,797 33,448,354 na
GL000254.1 | NT_167247.1 ALT_REF_LOCI_5 MHC 6 28,477,797 33,448,354 na
GL000255.1 | NT_167248.1 ALT_REF_LOCI_6 MHC 6 28,477,797 33,448,354 na
GL000256.1 | NT_167249.1 ALT_REF_LOCI_7 MHC 6 28,477,797 33,448,354 na
JH636057.1 | NW_003871063.1 PATCHES MHC 6 28,477,797 33,448,354 fix
GL383533.1 | NW_003315921.1 PATCHES REGION10 6 80,059,725 80,156,628 novel
KB663604.1 | NW_004504300.1 PATCHES CD24 6 107,143,253 107,495,574 fix
JH636056.1 | NW_003871062.1 PATCHES LAMA4 6 112,323,682 112,586,593 fix
KE332498.1 | NW_004775429.1 PATCHES TMEM242 6 157,539,699 157,789,039 fix
KB021644.1 | NW_004166862.1 PATCHES REGION99 6 169,194,170 169,351,741 novel
GL582970.1 | NW_003571039.1 PATCHES REGION48 7 56,835,596 57,190,579 fix
GL582969.1 | NW_003571038.1 PATCHES REGION46 7 57,342,227 57,586,048 fix
KE332499.1 | NW_004775430.1 PATCHES INTS4L2 7 65,012,083 65,286,677 fix
JH159134.2 | NW_003871064.1 PATCHES WILLIAMS 7 71,935,722 75,921,852 fix
GL582972.1 | NW_003571041.1 PATCHES REGION47 7 98,260,131 98,556,215 fix
GL582968.1 | NW_003571037.1 PATCHES SH2B2 7 101,718,951 102,072,447 fix
JH636058.1 | NW_003871065.1 PATCHES COPG2 7 129,984,424 130,721,755 fix
GL383534.2 | NW_003315922.2 PATCHES REGION11 7 141,333,209 141,446,383 novel
GL582971.1 | NW_003571040.1 PATCHES TRB 7 141,557,850 142,778,624 fix
GL949743.1 | NW_003571042.1 PATCHES REGION62 8 1,965,390 2,498,608 fix
KE332500.1 | NW_004775431.1 PATCHES REGION102 8 48,176,435 48,405,006 fix
JH159135.2 | NW_003871066.2 PATCHES JRK 8 143,711,229 143,813,536 fix
GL383535.1 | NW_003315923.1 PATCHES EPPK1_SPATC1 8 144,743,526 145,146,062 fix
GL383536.1 | NW_003315924.1 PATCHES SCXB 8 145,285,645 145,659,901 fix
GL383539.1 | NW_003315928.1 PATCHES REGION14 9 7,428,994 7,577,169 novel
JH636059.1 | NW_003871067.1 PATCHES CBWD3 9 70,835,469 71,130,847 fix
GL383540.1 | NW_003315929.1 PATCHES REGION13 9 72,028,659 72,092,013 novel
GL383541.1 | NW_003315930.1 PATCHES MAMDC2 9 72,639,029 72,804,234 novel
GL383542.1 | NW_003315931.1 PATCHES REGION15 9 90,793,962 90,842,895 novel
KB663605.1 | NW_004504301.1 PATCHES REGION100 9 92,286,339 92,528,796 fix
JH806579.1 | NW_004070869.1 PATCHES REGION81 9 132,892,850 133,073,060 fix
GL339450.1 | NW_003315925.1 PATCHES ABO 9 136,049,442 136,369,192 fix
JH806577.1 | NW_004070867.1 PATCHES REGION82 9 137,025,633 137,247,659 fix
JH806578.1 | NW_004070868.1 PATCHES REGION82 9 137,025,633 137,247,659 fix
GL383537.1 | NW_003315926.1 PATCHES REGION12 9 139,136,890 139,252,828 fix
GL383538.1 | NW_003315927.1 PATCHES REGION12 9 139,136,890 139,252,828 fix
GL877873.1 | NW_003571043.1 PATCHES REGION57 10 60,001 224,405 fix
JH636060.1 | NW_003871071.1 PATCHES AKR1CL1 10 5,012,527 5,450,243 fix
GL383543.1 | NW_003315932.1 PATCHES FAM23A_MRC1 10 17,613,209 18,252,930 fix
GL383545.1 | NW_003315934.1 PATCHES REGION16 10 27,574,584 27,706,537 novel
GL383546.1 | NW_003315935.1 PATCHES REGION18 10 45,670,681 45,964,419 novel
JH591181.2 | NW_003871068.1 PATCHES 10Q11 10 46,224,334 51,886,485 fix
KB663606.1 | NW_004504302.1 PATCHES 10Q11 10 46,224,334 51,886,485 fix
JH591183.1 | NW_003871070.1 PATCHES ZNF518A 10 97,861,451 98,039,369 fix
KE332501.1 | NW_004775432.1 PATCHES ATRNL1 10 116,786,296 117,806,873 fix
JH591182.1 | NW_003871069.1 PATCHES PNLIPRP2 10 118,348,517 118,544,777 fix
GL383544.1 | NW_003315933.1 PATCHES REGION17 10 133,258,319 133,381,404 fix
JH806580.1 | NW_004070870.1 PATCHES PPP2R2D 10 133,727,528 133,781,577 fix
JH591184.1 | NW_003871075.1 PATCHES SPON1 11 13,963,464 14,425,744 fix
JH591185.1 | NW_003871082.1 PATCHES CALCA 11 14,873,971 15,041,407 fix
GL383547.1 | NW_003315936.1 PATCHES REGION19 11 25,191,953 25,340,626 novel
GL582973.1 | NW_003571045.1 PATCHES REGION49 11 49,862,648 50,121,284 fix
JH159136.1 | NW_003871073.1 PATCHES OLFACTORY_REGION_1 11 55,956,728 56,641,043 novel
JH159137.1 | NW_003871074.1 PATCHES OLFACTORY_REGION_1 11 55,956,728 56,641,043 novel
GL949744.1 | NW_003571046.1 PATCHES REGION63 11 69,614,786 69,922,571 fix
JH806581.1 | NW_004070871.1 PATCHES SHANK2 11 70,301,893 71,088,948 fix
JH159143.1 | NW_003871081.1 PATCHES B3GNT6 11 76,709,408 76,900,812 fix
JH159141.2 | NW_003871079.1 PATCHES CWC15_SRSF8 11 94,611,846 94,852,618 fix
JH159139.1 | NW_003871077.1 PATCHES MMP12 11 102,702,497 102,822,936 fix
JH159142.2 | NW_003871080.1 PATCHES DIXDC1_ALG9 11 111,618,733 111,945,380 fix
JH159140.1 | NW_003871078.1 PATCHES NCAM1 11 112,687,997 113,234,431 fix
JH720443.2 | NW_003871072.2 PATCHES TREH 11 118,245,278 118,653,701 fix
JH159138.1 | NW_003871076.1 PATCHES SLC37A4 11 118,849,111 118,957,986 fix
GL582974.1 | NW_003571048.1 PATCHES REGION50 12 60,001 282,464 fix
GL877875.1 | NW_003571049.1 PATCHES REGION50 12 60,001 282,464 novel
JH720444.2 | NW_003871083.2 PATCHES EMG1 12 6,907,581 7,178,849 fix
GL877876.1 | NW_003571050.1 PATCHES REGION58 12 10,953,894 11,330,216 novel
GL949745.1 | NW_003571047.1 PATCHES REGION58 12 10,953,894 11,330,216 novel
GL383549.1 | NW_003315938.1 PATCHES REGION21 12 28,148,967 28,263,711 novel
GL383550.1 | NW_003315939.1 PATCHES REGION22 12 58,326,520 58,486,538 novel
GL383552.1 | NW_003315941.1 PATCHES REGION23 12 59,323,046 59,454,651 novel
GL383553.2 | NW_003315942.2 PATCHES REGION24 12 101,505,377 101,652,073 novel
KB663607.2 | NW_004504303.2 PATCHES KDM2B 12 121,761,801 122,096,824 fix
GL383551.1 | NW_003315940.1 PATCHES REGION20 12 126,711,744 126,890,020 novel
GL383548.1 | NW_003315937.1 PATCHES GALNT9 12 132,806,993 132,967,794 fix
GL582975.1 | NW_003571051.1 PATCHES REGION51 13 115,085,142 115,109,878 fix
KB021645.1 | NW_004166863.1 PATCHES IGH 14 105,803,171 107,268,434 fix
GL383554.1 | NW_003315943.1 PATCHES REGION25 15 28,557,187 28,842,093 novel
GL383555.1 | NW_003315944.1 PATCHES MEGF11 15 66,200,521 66,577,156 novel
JH720445.1 | NW_003871084.1 PATCHES SYNM 15 99,529,037 99,696,045 fix
GL383556.1 | NW_003315945.1 PATCHES REGION26 16 55,822,434 56,002,460 novel
JH720446.1 | NW_003871085.1 PATCHES REGION74 16 57,774,022 57,871,358 fix
GL383557.1 | NW_003315946.1 PATCHES SNTB2 16 69,174,054 69,258,593 novel
GL383563.2 | NW_003315952.2 PATCHES DOC2B_RPH3AL 17 1 252,428 novel
JH806582.2 | NW_004070872.2 PATCHES DOC2B_RPH3AL 17 1 252,428 fix
GL383562.1 | NW_003315951.1 PATCHES FAM101B 17 252,429 296,626 fix
GL383561.2 | NW_003315950.2 PATCHES REGION27 17 21,250,948 21,566,608 fix
KE332502.1 | NW_004775433.1 PATCHES REGION103 17 22,174,115 22,263,006 fix
JH159145.1 | NW_003871090.1 PATCHES SLC46A1 17 26,645,159 26,840,019 fix
KB021646.2 | NW_004166864.2 PATCHES MMP28 17 34,034,852 34,246,252 fix
GL383560.1 | NW_003315949.1 PATCHES MYO19 17 34,442,621 35,005,379 fix
GL383559.2 | NW_003315948.2 PATCHES SOCS7 17 36,372,617 36,711,255 fix
GL383564.1 | NW_003315953.1 PATCHES KRTAP_REGION_1 17 39,006,985 39,589,187 novel
JH159146.1 | NW_003871091.1 PATCHES KRTAP_REGION_1 17 39,006,985 39,589,187 novel
JH159147.1 | NW_003871092.1 PATCHES KRTAP_REGION_1 17 39,006,985 39,589,187 novel
JH159148.1 | NW_003871093.1 PATCHES KRTAP_REGION_1 17 39,006,985 39,589,187 novel
GL582976.1 | NW_003571052.1 PATCHES TTC25 17 39,869,611 40,277,911 fix
GL000258.1 | NT_167251.1 ALT_REF_LOCI_9 MAPT 17 43,384,864 44,913,631 na
JH720447.1 | NW_003871086.1 PATCHES MAPT 17 43,384,864 44,913,631 fix
GL383558.1 | NW_003315947.1 PATCHES PECAM1 17 62,273,514 62,649,312 fix
JH159144.1 | NW_003871088.1 PATCHES REGION65 17 65,936,106 66,324,470 fix
GL383565.1 | NW_003315954.1 PATCHES REGION28 17 68,302,419 68,520,360 novel
GL383566.1 | NW_003315955.1 PATCHES REGION30 17 75,216,812 75,295,408 novel
JH591186.1 | NW_003871089.1 PATCHES REGION69 17 77,412,077 77,766,016 fix
JH636061.1 | NW_003871087.1 PATCHES BAHCC1 17 79,319,163 79,498,447 fix
GL383567.1 | NW_003315956.1 PATCHES REGION31 18 47,818,564 48,101,162 novel
GL383570.1 | NW_003315959.1 PATCHES REGION32 18 49,189,306 49,348,012 novel
GL383571.1 | NW_003315960.1 PATCHES REGION33 18 65,090,960 65,219,788 novel
GL383568.1 | NW_003315957.1 PATCHES REGION34 18 70,600,357 70,692,016 novel
GL383569.1 | NW_003315958.1 PATCHES REGION35 18 76,253,467 76,412,030 novel
GL383572.1 | NW_003315961.1 PATCHES REGION36 18 76,694,886 76,848,997 novel
JH159149.1 | NW_003871094.1 PATCHES REGION66 19 8,634,915 8,926,179 fix
GL582977.2 | NW_003571053.2 PATCHES REGION52 19 20,193,557 20,845,946 fix
GL383573.1 | NW_003315962.1 PATCHES ZNF66 19 20,845,947 21,225,187 novel
GL383575.2 | NW_003315964.2 PATCHES REGION37 19 21,831,092 21,991,834 novel
GL383576.1 | NW_003315965.1 PATCHES REGION39 19 22,303,652 22,483,468 novel
GL383574.1 | NW_003315963.1 PATCHES REGION38 19 34,643,165 34,791,855 novel
KE332505.1 | NW_004775434.1 PATCHES CEACAM_REGION_1 19 41,936,867 42,514,711 fix
GL949746.1 | NW_003571054.1 PATCHES LRC 19 54,528,888 55,595,686 novel
GL949747.1 | NW_003571055.1 PATCHES LRC 19 54,528,888 55,595,686 novel
GL949748.1 | NW_003571056.1 PATCHES LRC 19 54,528,888 55,595,686 novel
GL949749.1 | NW_003571057.1 PATCHES LRC 19 54,528,888 55,595,686 novel
GL949750.1 | NW_003571058.1 PATCHES LRC 19 54,528,888 55,595,686 novel
GL949751.1 | NW_003571059.1 PATCHES LRC 19 54,528,888 55,595,686 novel
GL949752.1 | NW_003571060.1 PATCHES LRC 19 54,528,888 55,595,686 novel
GL949753.1 | NW_003571061.1 PATCHES LRC 19 54,528,888 55,595,686 novel
KB021647.1 | NW_004166865.1 PATCHES LRC 19 54,528,888 55,595,686 fix
GL383577.1 | NW_003315966.1 PATCHES REGION40 20 17,751,747 17,874,115 novel
JH720448.1 | NW_003871095.1 PATCHES DLGAP4 20 34,883,261 34,994,224 fix
KB663608.1 | NW_004504304.1 PATCHES REGION101 20 53,978,607 54,220,677 fix
GL582979.2 | NW_003571063.2 PATCHES REGION53 20 61,031,539 61,267,733 fix
GL383578.1 | NW_003315967.1 PATCHES REGION41 21 15,796,462 15,847,792 novel
GL383579.1 | NW_003315968.1 PATCHES REGION42 21 23,474,793 23,669,288 novel
GL383580.1 | NW_003315969.1 PATCHES REGION43 21 34,141,390 34,210,247 novel
GL383581.1 | NW_003315970.1 PATCHES TMEM50B 21 34,777,735 34,884,866 novel
KE332506.1 | NW_004775435.1 PATCHES KRTAP_REGION_2 21 45,916,561 46,223,846 fix
JH806584.1 | NW_004070874.1 PATCHES REGION83 22 16,050,001 16,087,693 fix
JH806583.1 | NW_004070873.1 PATCHES REGION84 22 16,656,462 16,697,850 fix
JH806585.1 | NW_004070875.1 PATCHES REGION85 22 16,847,851 16,884,805 fix
JH720449.1 | NW_003871096.1 PATCHES CLTCL1 22 19,134,297 19,346,604 fix
GL383583.1 | NW_003315972.1 PATCHES APOBEC 22 39,280,299 39,407,165 novel
GL383582.2 | NW_003315971.2 PATCHES CYP2D6 22 42,473,660 42,648,568 novel
KB663609.1 | NW_004504305.1 PATCHES CYP2D6 22 42,473,660 42,648,568 novel
JH806586.1 | NW_004070876.1 PATCHES REGION86 22 51,203,354 51,244,566 fix
GL877877.2 | NW_003571064.2 PATCHES REGION59 X 803,878 1,227,822 fix
JH720451.1 | NW_003871098.1 PATCHES REGION75 X 36,202,464 37,669,766 fix
JH720452.1 | NW_003871099.1 PATCHES REGION75 X 36,202,464 37,669,766 fix
JH806589.1 | NW_004070879.1 PATCHES REGION87 X 45,534,581 45,805,400 fix
KB021648.1 | NW_004166866.1 PATCHES PHF16 X 46,609,875 47,079,810 fix
JH806587.1 | NW_004070877.1 PATCHES DGKK_REGION98 X 47,619,971 54,424,077 fix
JH806590.2 | NW_004070880.2 PATCHES DGKK_REGION98 X 47,619,971 54,424,077 fix
JH806591.1 | NW_004070881.1 PATCHES REGION88 X 62,203,738 63,086,230 fix
JH806592.1 | NW_004070882.1 PATCHES REGION89 X 71,530,834 72,366,730 fix
JH720453.1 | NW_003871100.1 PATCHES REGION76 X 75,200,416 77,450,502 fix
JH720454.3 | NW_003871101.3 PATCHES REGION76 X 75,200,416 77,450,502 fix
JH806593.1 | NW_004070883.1 PATCHES REGION90 X 100,573,313 100,962,928 fix
JH806594.1 | NW_004070884.1 PATCHES REGION91 X 101,383,115 101,773,566 fix
JH806595.1 | NW_004070885.1 PATCHES REGION92 X 103,118,514 103,552,339 fix
JH720455.1 | NW_003871102.1 PATCHES TEX13A X 104,423,968 104,489,003 fix
JH806588.1 | NW_004070878.1 PATCHES REGION93 X 112,661,943 115,918,761 fix
JH806601.1 | NW_004070891.1 PATCHES REGION93 X 112,661,943 115,918,761 fix
JH806602.1 | NW_004070892.1 PATCHES REGION93 X 112,661,943 115,918,761 fix
JH806603.1 | NW_004070893.1 PATCHES REGION93 X 112,661,943 115,918,761 fix
JH806596.1 | NW_004070886.1 PATCHES REGION94 X 119,081,534 119,495,352 fix
JH806597.1 | NW_004070887.1 PATCHES REGION95 X 134,202,887 135,196,638 fix
JH806598.1 | NW_004070888.1 PATCHES REGION96 X 139,986,363 140,891,303 fix
JH806599.1 | NW_004070889.1 PATCHES REGION97 X 142,299,066 150,174,083 fix
JH806600.2 | NW_004070890.2 PATCHES REGION97 X 142,299,066 150,174,083 fix
JH159150.3 | NW_003871103.3 PATCHES REGION67 X 151,734,490 154,906,585 fix

GRCh37

  • Release date: March 3, 2009
  • Release type: major
  • Release notes: This was the first major release of the human reference assembly made by the GRC. This release affected chromosome coordinates, placed alternate loci into a chromosome context and the GRC resolved 255 issues.
  • Assembly accession: GCF_000001405.13
Pseudoautosomal region information for GRCh37
Name Chr Start Stop
PAR#1 X 60,001 2,699,520
PAR#2 X 154,931,044 155,260,560
PAR#1 Y 10,001 2,649,520
PAR#2 Y 59,034,050 59,363,566
Human Alternate Locus/Patch Information for GRCh37
Sequence IDs Assembly Unit Region Name Chr Start Stop Patch Type
GL000257.1 | NT_167250.1 ALT_REF_LOCI_8 UGT2B17 4 69,170,077 69,878,175 na
GL000250.1 | NT_167244.1 ALT_REF_LOCI_1 MHC 6 28,477,797 33,448,354 na
GL000251.1 | NT_113891.2 ALT_REF_LOCI_2 MHC 6 28,477,797 33,448,354 na
GL000252.1 | NT_167245.1 ALT_REF_LOCI_3 MHC 6 28,477,797 33,448,354 na
GL000253.1 | NT_167246.1 ALT_REF_LOCI_4 MHC 6 28,477,797 33,448,354 na
GL000254.1 | NT_167247.1 ALT_REF_LOCI_5 MHC 6 28,477,797 33,448,354 na
GL000255.1 | NT_167248.1 ALT_REF_LOCI_6 MHC 6 28,477,797 33,448,354 na
GL000256.1 | NT_167249.1 ALT_REF_LOCI_7 MHC 6 28,477,797 33,448,354 na
GL000258.1 | NT_167251.1 ALT_REF_LOCI_9 MAPT 17 43,384,864 44,913,631 na