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- Study Description
We performed genome-wide copy number analysis with paired normal and tumor DNA obtained from 86 adult patients with de novo AML using the Affymetrix Genome-Wide Human SNP array 6.0 containing 1.85 million features. Acquired copy number alterations (CNA) were confirmed using an independent, higher resolution, custom array comparative genomic hybridization platform.
A total of 201 somatic CNA were found in the 86 AML genomes (mean 2.34 CNA/genome), with FAB M6 and M7 AML genomes containing the most changes (10-29 CNA/genome). Twenty-four percent of AML patients with normal cytogenetics had CNA, while 40% of patients with an abnormal karyotype had additional CNA detected by SNP array, and several regions contained CNA in multiple AML genomes. The mRNA expression levels of 57 genes were significantly altered in 27 of 50 recurrent CNA regions <5 megabases in size. Array data are available online at http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/geo/ as GEO accession #GSE10358. A total of 8 uniparental disomy (UPD) segments were identified in the 86 genomes and 6/8 UPD regions occurred in samples with a normal karyotype. Collectively, 40% of AML genomes contained alterations not found with cytogenetics, and 96% of these regions contained known or novel AML associated genes. 43/86 AML genomes had no CNA or UPD at this level of resolution. The number of CNA per genome was not associated with overall survival, independent of cytogenetic classification.
In this study of 86 adult AML genomes, subcytogenetic CNAs or UPD did not add prognostic information to standard cytogenetics. However, arrays identified many somatically mutated oncogenes and tumor suppressor genes, and also genes not previously implicated in AML that may be relevant for pathogenesis.
AML CNA segments from 86 adult AML patients are available through dbVar at ftp://ftp.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pub/dbVar/data/Homo_sapiens/nstd11_Walter_et_al_2009.
- Study Type: Tumor vs. Matched-Normal
Number of study subjects that have individual level data available through Authorized Access: 86
- Authorized Access
- Publicly Available Data (Public ftp)
Connect to the public download site. The site contains release notes and manifests. If available, the site also contains data dictionaries, variable summaries, documents, and truncated analyses.
- Study Inclusion/Exclusion Criteria
All participants are adults (>18 years) with de novo AML, bone marrow containing 30% or greater blasts, and chosen for the study based on availability of high quality, abundant, paired bone marrow (tumor) and skin (normal) DNA samples. Preference was also given to patients with 2 or fewer cytogenetic abnormalities.
- Molecular Data
Type Source Platform Number of Oligos/SNPs SNP Batch Id Comment Whole Genome Genotyping Affymetrix AFFY_6.0 934940 52074
- Selected publications
- Diseases/Traits Related to Study (MESH terms)
- Primary Phenotype: Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute
- Authorized Data Access Requests
- Study Attribution
- Timothy J. Ley, MD. Department of Medicine, Department of Genetics, The Genome Center, Siteman Cancer Institute, MO, USA
- Washington University of Medicine, St. Louis, MO, USA
- P01 CA101937. National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD, USA
- Principal Investigator