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EMBO J. Aug 1990; 9(8): 2453–2458.
PMCID: PMC552272

Rapid activation of alternative second messenger pathways in olfactory cilia from rats by different odorants.


The molecular mechanisms mediating the chemo-electrical signal transduction in olfactory receptor cells are still elusive. In this study odor induced formation of second messengers in rat olfactory cilia was monitored in a subsecond time range using a rapid kinetic device. Application of micromolar concentration of citralva induced a rapid, transient elevation of the cyclic adenosine monophosphate level, whereas the concentration of inositol trisphosphate was not affected. In contrast, pyrazine caused a rise in the concentration of inositol trisphosphate, not affecting the level of cyclic adenosine monophosphate. Analysis of the kinetic parameter for the odorant induced reaction indicated that apparently two systems are operating simultaneously. The activating effects of odorants appear to be mediated via different G-proteins. Thus, at least two different second messenger pathways appear to be involved in olfactory signal transduction.

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Selected References

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