• We are sorry, but NCBI web applications do not support your browser and may not function properly. More information
Logo of pnasPNASInfo for AuthorsSubscriptionsAboutThis Article
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. Nov 15, 1991; 88(22): 10317–10321.
PMCID: PMC52919

Molecular phylogeny of the superorder Archonta.

Abstract

The superorder Archonta has been hypothesized to include primates, tree shrews, bats, and flying lemurs as descendants of a common ancestor. More recently, a diphyletic origin for bats has been proposed. To evaluate these hypotheses, the nucleotide sequence of the mitochondrial cytochrome oxidase subunit II gene was determined from a bushbaby (Galago senegalensis), flying lemur (Cynocephalus variegatus), tree shrew (Tupaia glis), spear-nosed bat (Phyllostomus hastatus), rousette bat (Rousettus leschenaulti), and nine-banded armadillo (Dasypus novemcinctus) and was compared with published sequences of a human, cow, and mouse. Phylogenetic analyses of the sequences give evidence that primates, tree shrews, and flying lemurs have a recent common ancestor but that bats are genealogically distant. The monophyletic origin of bats is supported. Contrary to interpretations based on morphological data, tree shrews are shown to be no more closely affiliated with primates than are flying lemurs. Analyses of the cytochrome oxidase subunit II gene give marginally more support to a Dermoptera-Scandentia clade than to a Dermoptera-Primates clade.

Full text

Full text is available as a scanned copy of the original print version. Get a printable copy (PDF file) of the complete article (1.0M), or click on a page image below to browse page by page. Links to PubMed are also available for Selected References.

Selected References

These references are in PubMed. This may not be the complete list of references from this article.
  • Pettigrew JD. Flying primates? Megabats have the advanced pathway from eye to midbrain. Science. 1986 Mar 14;231(4743):1304–1306. [PubMed]
  • Pettigrew JD, Jamieson BG, Robson SK, Hall LS, McAnally KI, Cooper HM. Phylogenetic relations between microbats, megabats and primates (Mammalia: Chiroptera and Primates). Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci. 1989 Nov 30;325(1229):489–559. [PubMed]
  • Brown WM. Polymorphism in mitochondrial DNA of humans as revealed by restriction endonuclease analysis. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1980 Jun;77(6):3605–3609. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Saiki RK, Gelfand DH, Stoffel S, Scharf SJ, Higuchi R, Horn GT, Mullis KB, Erlich HA. Primer-directed enzymatic amplification of DNA with a thermostable DNA polymerase. Science. 1988 Jan 29;239(4839):487–491. [PubMed]
  • Allard MW, Ellsworth DL, Honeycutt RL. The production of single-stranded DNA suitable for sequencing using the polymerase chain reaction. Biotechniques. 1991 Jan;10(1):24–26. [PubMed]
  • Anderson S, Bankier AT, Barrell BG, de Bruijn MH, Coulson AR, Drouin J, Eperon IC, Nierlich DP, Roe BA, Sanger F, et al. Sequence and organization of the human mitochondrial genome. Nature. 1981 Apr 9;290(5806):457–465. [PubMed]
  • Sanger F, Nicklen S, Coulson AR. DNA sequencing with chain-terminating inhibitors. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1977 Dec;74(12):5463–5467. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Anderson S, de Bruijn MH, Coulson AR, Eperon IC, Sanger F, Young IG. Complete sequence of bovine mitochondrial DNA. Conserved features of the mammalian mitochondrial genome. J Mol Biol. 1982 Apr 25;156(4):683–717. [PubMed]
  • Bibb MJ, Van Etten RA, Wright CT, Walberg MW, Clayton DA. Sequence and gene organization of mouse mitochondrial DNA. Cell. 1981 Oct;26(2 Pt 2):167–180. [PubMed]
  • Felsenstein J. Evolutionary trees from DNA sequences: a maximum likelihood approach. J Mol Evol. 1981;17(6):368–376. [PubMed]
  • Williams PL, Fitch WM. Phylogeny determination using dynamically weighted parsimony method. Methods Enzymol. 1990;183:615–626. [PubMed]
  • Brown WM, Prager EM, Wang A, Wilson AC. Mitochondrial DNA sequences of primates: tempo and mode of evolution. J Mol Evol. 1982;18(4):225–239. [PubMed]
  • Fitch WM, Margoliash E. Construction of phylogenetic trees. Science. 1967 Jan 20;155(3760):279–284. [PubMed]
  • Kishino H, Hasegawa M. Converting distance to time: application to human evolution. Methods Enzymol. 1990;183:550–570. [PubMed]
  • Thewissen JG, Babcock SK. Distinctive cranial and cervical innervation of wing muscles: new evidence for bat monophyly. Science. 1991 Feb 22;251(4996):934–936. [PubMed]
  • Bennett S, Alexander LJ, Crozier RH, Mackinlay AG. Are megabats flying primates? Contrary evidence from a mitochondrial DNA sequence. Aust J Biol Sci. 1988;41(3):327–332. [PubMed]

Articles from Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America are provided here courtesy of National Academy of Sciences

Formats:

Related citations in PubMed

See reviews...See all...

Cited by other articles in PMC

See all...

Links

Recent Activity

Your browsing activity is empty.

Activity recording is turned off.

Turn recording back on

See more...