• We are sorry, but NCBI web applications do not support your browser and may not function properly. More information
Logo of pnasPNASInfo for AuthorsSubscriptionsAboutThis Article
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. Nov 15, 1991; 88(22): 10014–10017.
PMCID: PMC52857

Two-dimensional life?

Abstract

A model [Wächtershäuser, G. (1988) Microbiol. Rev. 52, 452-484], according to which life started in the form of a monomolecular layer of interacting anionic metabolites electrostatically bound to a positively charged surface, is examined critically. The model raises a number of thermodynamic and kinetic difficulties.

Full text

Full text is available as a scanned copy of the original print version. Get a printable copy (PDF file) of the complete article (758K), or click on a page image below to browse page by page. Links to PubMed are also available for Selected References.

Selected References

These references are in PubMed. This may not be the complete list of references from this article.
  • Wächtershäuser G. Before enzymes and templates: theory of surface metabolism. Microbiol Rev. 1988 Dec;52(4):452–484. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Wächtershäuser G. Evolution of the first metabolic cycles. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1990 Jan;87(1):200–204. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Waldrop MM. Goodbye to the warm little pond? Science. 1990 Nov 23;250(4984):1078–1080. [PubMed]
  • MILLER SL. A production of amino acids under possible primitive earth conditions. Science. 1953 May 15;117(3046):528–529. [PubMed]
  • Wolman Y, Haverland WJ, Miller SL. Nonprotein amino acids from spark discharges and their comparison with the murchison meteorite amino acids. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1972 Apr;69(4):809–811. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Borowska ZK, Mauzerall DC. Efficient near ultraviolet light induced formation of hydrogen by ferrous hydroxide. Orig Life Evol Biosph. 1987;17:251–259. [PubMed]
  • Urey HC. On the Early Chemical History of the Earth and the Origin of Life. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1952 Apr;38(4):351–363. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Stribling R, Miller SL. Energy yields for hydrogen cyanide and formaldehyde syntheses: the HCN and amino acid concentrations in the primitive ocean. Orig Life Evol Biosph. 1987;17(3-4):261–273. [PubMed]
  • DAVIS BD. On the importance of being ionized. Arch Biochem Biophys. 1958 Dec;78(2):497–509. [PubMed]
  • Westheimer FH. Why nature chose phosphates. Science. 1987 Mar 6;235(4793):1173–1178. [PubMed]
  • Joyce GF. RNA evolution and the origins of life. Nature. 1989 Mar 16;338(6212):217–224. [PubMed]
  • Prigogine I, Nicolis G. Biological order, structure and instabilities. Q Rev Biophys. 1971 Aug;4(2):107–148. [PubMed]

Articles from Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America are provided here courtesy of National Academy of Sciences

Formats:

Related citations in PubMed

See reviews...See all...

Cited by other articles in PMC

See all...

Links

  • Compound
    Compound
    PubChem Compound links
  • PubMed
    PubMed
    PubMed citations for these articles
  • Substance
    Substance
    PubChem Substance links

Recent Activity

  • Two-dimensional life?
    Two-dimensional life?
    Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. Nov 15, 1991; 88(22)10014
    PMC

Your browsing activity is empty.

Activity recording is turned off.

Turn recording back on

See more...