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Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. Jul 15, 1991; 88(14): 5939–5943.
PMCID: PMC51997

TolA: a membrane protein involved in colicin uptake contains an extended helical region.

Abstract

The group A colicins and the DNA of many single-stranded filamentous bacteriophage are able to use combinations of the Tol proteins to gain entrance into or across the membrane of Escherichia coli. The TolA protein is a 421-amino acid residue integral membrane protein composed of three domains. Domain I, consisting of the amino-terminal 47 amino acids, contains a 21-residue hydrophobic segment that anchors the protein in the inner membrane. The remaining 374 amino acids, containing the other two domains, reside in the periplasmic space. Domain III, consisting of the carboxyl-terminal 120 residues, is considered to be the functional domain based on the location of the tolA592 deletion mutation. The internal 262 amino acids comprise domain II, which connects domains I and III together via short regions of polyglycine. It contains a large number of 3- to 5-residue polyalanine stretches, many of which have a repeat of the sequence Lys-Ala-Ala-Ala-(Glu/Asp). Circular dichroism analysis of different portions of TolA show domain II to be predominantly alpha-helical in structure while domain III contains approximately 10% helical structure.

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Selected References

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