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Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. Aug 24, 2004; 101(34): 12682–12687.
Published online Aug 16, 2004. doi:  10.1073/pnas.0404875101
PMCID: PMC515116
Medical Sciences

A small molecule inhibitor of β-catenin/cyclic AMP response element-binding protein transcription


Inherited and somatic mutations in the adenomatous polyposis coli occur in most colon cancers, leading to activation of β-catenin-responsive genes. To identify small molecule antagonists of this pathway, we challenged transformed colorectal cells with a secondary structure-templated chemical library, looking for compounds that inhibit a β-catenin-responsive reporter. We identified ICG-001, a small molecule that down-regulates β-catenin/T cell factor signaling by specifically binding to cyclic AMP response element-binding protein. ICG-001 selectively induces apoptosis in transformed cells but not in normal colon cells, reduces in vitro growth of colon carcinoma cells, and is efficacious in the Min mouse and nude mouse xenograft models of colon cancer.

Keywords: coactivators, T cell factor, Wnt pathway

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