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Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1992 May 15; 89(10): 4295–4299.

Cloning of the low-affinity murine granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor receptor and reconstitution of a high-affinity receptor complex.


A cDNA clone (clone 71) that encodes a low-affinity receptor for murine granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF) has been isolated by direct expression. This molecule is the homologue of the human GM-CSF receptor alpha subunit, although homology between these molecules is surprisingly low (less than 35% amino acid identity). The cDNA encodes a polypeptide of 387 amino acids, which contains the conserved features of the hematopoietin receptor superfamily. When expressed in COS-7 cells, this clone encodes a protein that binds radiolabeled murine GM-CSF with low affinity. Coexpression of clone 71 with a cDNA corresponding to a low-affinity interleukin 3 (IL-3) receptor (AIC2A) did not alter the affinity of binding of either GM-CSF or IL-3. However, coexpression of clone 71 with the IL-3 receptor-related cDNA AIC2B generated high-affinity binding sites for murine GM-CSF but not murine IL-3. These studies show that clone 71 and AIC2B are capable of forming an alpha beta complex capable of binding murine GM-CSF with high affinity, while AIC2A appears not to be a component of the murine GM-CSF receptor.

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