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Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. Aug 15, 1993; 90(16): 7642–7646.
PMCID: PMC47198

A cytoplasmic 57-kDa protein that is required for translation of picornavirus RNA by internal ribosomal entry is identical to the nuclear pyrimidine tract-binding protein.

Abstract

Initiation of translation of the RNA genomes of picornaviruses such as poliovirus and encephalomyocarditis virus is cap-independent and results from interaction of ribosomes with a segment of the 5' noncoding region of these mRNAs termed the internal ribosomal entry site. Genetic and biochemical studies have previously shown that a 57-kDa cytoplasmic RNA-binding protein (p57) plays an essential role in this translation mechanism. We have now found that p57 shares physical, biochemical, and antigenic properties with the pyrimidine tract-binding protein (PTB), a nuclear protein that has been implicated in various processes involving pre-mRNA. These data indicate that p57 and PTB are the same protein. Purified recombinant PTB bound specifically to a bulged hairpin within the internal ribosomal entry site of encephalomyocarditis virus and had a much lower affinity for a mutated derivative of this hairpin and for unrelated RNAs. Immunodepletion of p57/PTB from a HeLa cell-free lysate inhibited translation of poliovirus and encephalomyocarditis virus mRNAs but had no effect on translation of beta-globin mRNA, confirming the essential role of p57 in translation by internal ribosomal entry.

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Selected References

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