• We are sorry, but NCBI web applications do not support your browser and may not function properly. More information
Logo of pnasPNASInfo for AuthorsSubscriptionsAboutThis Article
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. Feb 15, 1993; 90(4): 1614–1618.
PMCID: PMC45925

DNA repair and aging in basal cell carcinoma: a molecular epidemiology study.

Abstract

This molecular epidemiology study examines the DNA-repair capacities (DRCs) of basal cell carcinoma (BCC) skin cancer patients (88) and their controls (135) by using a plasmid/host-cell reactivation assay. In this assay UV-damaged expression vector plasmid is transfected into peripheral blood T lymphocytes from the subjects. The host-cellular repair enzymes repair the photochemical damage in the plasmid, and 40 hr later the plasmid-encoded reporter chloramphenicol acetyltransferase is measured. An age-related decline in this DRC, amounting to approximately 0.61% per yr occurred in the controls from 20 to 60 yr of age. Reduced DRC was a particularly important risk factor for young individuals with BCC and for those individuals with a family history of skin cancer. Young individuals with BCC repaired DNA damage poorly when compared with controls. As the BCC patients aged, however, differences between cases and controls gradually disappeared. The normal decline in DNA repair with increased age may account for the increased risk of skin cancer that begins in middle age, suggesting that the occurrence of skin cancer in the young may represent precocious aging. Patients with reduced DRCs and overexposure to sunlight had an estimated risk of BCC > 5-fold greater than the control group. Such a risk was even greater (10-fold) in female subjects.

Full text

Full text is available as a scanned copy of the original print version. Get a printable copy (PDF file) of the complete article (1.2M), or click on a page image below to browse page by page. Links to PubMed are also available for Selected References.

Images in this article

Click on the image to see a larger version.

Selected References

These references are in PubMed. This may not be the complete list of references from this article.
  • Cleaver JE. Defective repair replication of DNA in xeroderma pigmentosum. Nature. 1968 May 18;218(5142):652–656. [PubMed]
  • Cleaver JE. Xeroderma pigmentosum: a human disease in which an initial stage of DNA repair is defective. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1969 Jun;63(2):428–435. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Setlow RB, Regan JD, German J, Carrier WL. Evidence that xeroderma pigmentosum cells do not perform the first step in the repair of ultraviolet damage to their DNA. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1969 Nov;64(3):1035–1041. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Kraemer KH, Lee MM, Scotto J. Xeroderma pigmentosum. Cutaneous, ocular, and neurologic abnormalities in 830 published cases. Arch Dermatol. 1987 Feb;123(2):241–250. [PubMed]
  • Ananthaswamy HN, Price JE, Goldberg LH, Bales ES. Detection and identification of activated oncogenes in human skin cancers occurring on sun-exposed body sites. Cancer Res. 1988 Jun 15;48(12):3341–3346. [PubMed]
  • Brash DE, Rudolph JA, Simon JA, Lin A, McKenna GJ, Baden HP, Halperin AJ, Pontén J. A role for sunlight in skin cancer: UV-induced p53 mutations in squamous cell carcinoma. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1991 Nov 15;88(22):10124–10128. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Athas WF, Hedayati MA, Matanoski GM, Farmer ER, Grossman L. Development and field-test validation of an assay for DNA repair in circulating human lymphocytes. Cancer Res. 1991 Nov 1;51(21):5786–5793. [PubMed]
  • Protić-Sabljić M, Kraemer KH. One pyrimidine dimer inactivates expression of a transfected gene in xeroderma pigmentosum cells. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1985 Oct;82(19):6622–6626. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Cole J, Green MH, James SE, Henderson L, Cole H. A further assessment of factors influencing measurements of thioguanine-resistant mutant frequency in circulating T-lymphocytes. Mutat Res. 1988 Mar;204(3):493–507. [PubMed]
  • Andrews AD, Barrett SF, Yoder FW, Robbins JH. Cockayne's syndrome fibroblasts have increased sensitivity to ultraviolet light but normal rates of unscheduled DNA synthesis. J Invest Dermatol. 1978 May;70(5):237–239. [PubMed]
  • Wade MH, Chu EH. Effects of DNA damaging agents on cultured fibroblasts derived from patients with Cockayne syndrome. Mutat Res. 1979 Jan;59(1):49–60. [PubMed]
  • Lambert B, Ringborg U, Skoog L. Age-related decrease of ultraviolet light-induced DNA repair synthesis in human peripheral leukocytes. Cancer Res. 1979 Jul;39(7 Pt 1):2792–2795. [PubMed]
  • Singh NP, Danner DB, Tice RR, Brant L, Schneider EL. DNA damage and repair with age in individual human lymphocytes. Mutat Res. 1990 May-Jul;237(3-4):123–130. [PubMed]
  • Nette EG, Xi YP, Sun YK, Andrews AD, King DW. A correlation between aging and DNA repair in human epidermal cells. Mech Ageing Dev. 1984 Mar;24(3):283–292. [PubMed]
  • Roth M, Emmons LR, Häner M, Müller HJ, Boyle JM. Age-related decrease in an early step of DNA-repair of normal human lymphocytes exposed to ultraviolet-irradiation. Exp Cell Res. 1989 Jan;180(1):171–177. [PubMed]
  • Harris G, Holmes A, Sabovljev SA, Cramp WA, Hedges M, Hornsey S, Hornsey JM, Bennett GC. Sensitivity to X-irradiation of peripheral blood lymphocytes from ageing donors. Int J Radiat Biol Relat Stud Phys Chem Med. 1986 Oct;50(4):685–694. [PubMed]
  • Licastro F, Franceschi C, Chiricolo M, Battelli MG, Tabacchi P, Cenci M, Barboni F, Pallenzona D. DNA repair after gamma radiation and superoxide dismutase activity in lymphocytes from subjects of far advanced age. Carcinogenesis. 1982;3(1):45–48. [PubMed]
  • Kutlaca R, Seshadri R, Morley AA. Effect of age on sensitivity of human lymphocytes to radiation. A brief note. Mech Ageing Dev. 1982 Jun;19(2):97–101. [PubMed]
  • Turner DR, Griffith VC, Morley AA. Ageing in vivo does not alter the kinetics of DNA strand break repair. Mech Ageing Dev. 1982 Aug;19(4):325–331. [PubMed]
  • Kovacs E, Weber W, Müller H. Age-related variation in the DNA-repair synthesis after UV-C irradiation in unstimulated lymphocytes of healthy blood donors. Mutat Res. 1984 May-Jun;131(5-6):231–237. [PubMed]
  • Hunter DJ, Colditz GA, Stampfer MJ, Rosner B, Willett WC, Speizer FE. Risk factors for basal cell carcinoma in a prospective cohort of women. Ann Epidemiol. 1990 Oct;1(1):13–23. [PubMed]
  • Munch-Petersen B, Frentz G, Squire B, Wallevik K, Horn CC, Reymann F, Faber M. Abnormal lymphocyte response to u.v. radiation in multiple skin cancer. Carcinogenesis. 1985 Jun;6(6):843–845. [PubMed]
  • Alcalay J, Freeman SE, Goldberg LH, Wolf JE. Excision repair of pyrimidine dimers induced by simulated solar radiation in the skin of patients with basal cell carcinoma. J Invest Dermatol. 1990 Nov;95(5):506–509. [PubMed]
  • Setlow RB. DNA repair, aging, and cancer. Natl Cancer Inst Monogr. 1982;60:249–255. [PubMed]
  • Hübscher U, Kuenzle CC, Spadari S. Variation of DNA polymerases-alpha, -beta. and -gamma during perinatal tissue growth and differentiation. Nucleic Acids Res. 1977 Aug;4(8):2917–2929. [PMC free article] [PubMed]

Articles from Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America are provided here courtesy of National Academy of Sciences

Formats:

Related citations in PubMed

See reviews...See all...

Cited by other articles in PMC

See all...

Links

  • Cited in Books
    Cited in Books
    PubMed Central articles cited in books
  • MedGen
    MedGen
    Related information in MedGen
  • PubMed
    PubMed
    PubMed citations for these articles

Recent Activity

Your browsing activity is empty.

Activity recording is turned off.

Turn recording back on

See more...