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Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. May 10, 1994; 91(10): 4298–4302.
PMCID: PMC43772

Codon reiteration and the evolution of proteins.

Abstract

Sequence data banks have been searched for proteins possessing uninterrupted reiterations of any amino acid. Hydrophilic amino acids, and particularly glutamine, account for a large proportion of the longer reiterants. In the genes for these proteins, the most common reiterants are those that contain poly(CAG), even out-of-frame or, to a lesser degree, those that contain repeated doublets of CA, AG, or GC. The preferential generation of such reiterants requires that DNA strand-specific signals predispose to reiteration and thus to the extension of coding regions.

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