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Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1994 Apr 26; 91(9): 3901–3905.

Transcriptional activation by CTF proteins is mediated by a bipartite low-proline domain.


Members of the CCAAT-binding transcription factor (CTF) family of proteins stimulate the initiation of adenovirus DNA replication and act as transcriptional activators. To investigate the mechanisms underlying CTF-mediated transactivation patterns, we expressed several natural CTF variants in Saccharomyces cerevisiae and determined their transactivating activities in enzymatic assays. CTF7, which lacks the entire proline-rich region previously thought to mediate transcriptional activation by CTF proteins, enhances transcription to a greater degree than full-length CTF1, which contains the putative activation domain. CTF2, which contains a partially deleted proline-rich activation region, does not stimulate transcription at all. These findings indicate that the proline-rich region of CTF proteins is not essential for transcriptional activation in yeast. Our studies also suggest a bipartite two-domain structure of CTF-type transcriptional activation domains.

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