• We are sorry, but NCBI web applications do not support your browser and may not function properly. More information
Logo of pnasPNASInfo for AuthorsSubscriptionsAboutThis Article
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. Jan 3, 1995; 92(1): 44–49.
PMCID: PMC42814

Chemistry of sex attraction.

Abstract

The chemical communication system used to attract mates involves not only the overt chemical signals but also indirectly a great deal of chemistry in the emitter and receiver. As an example, in emitting female moths, this includes enzymes (and cofactors, mRNA, genes) of the pheromone biosynthetic pathways, hormones (and genes) involved in controlling pheromone production, receptors and second messengers for the hormones, and host plant cues that control release of the hormone. In receiving male moths, this includes the chemistry of pheromone transportation in antennal olfactory hairs (binding proteins and sensillar esterases) and the chemistry of signal transduction, which includes specific dendritic pheromone receptors and a rapid inositol triphosphate second messenger signal. A fluctuating plume structure is an integral part of the signal since the antennal receptors need intermittent stimulation to sustain upwind flight. Input from the hundreds of thousands of sensory cells is processed and integrated with other modalities in the central nervous system, but many unknown factors modulate the information before it is fed to motor neurons for behavioral responses. An unknown brain control center for pheromone perception is discussed relative to data from behavioral-threshold studies showing modulation by biogenic amines, such as octopamine and serotonin, from genetic studies on pheromone discrimination, and from behavioral and electrophysiological studies with behavioral antagonists.

Full text

Full text is available as a scanned copy of the original print version. Get a printable copy (PDF file) of the complete article (1.3M), or click on a page image below to browse page by page. Links to PubMed are also available for Selected References.

Images in this article

Click on the image to see a larger version.

Selected References

These references are in PubMed. This may not be the complete list of references from this article.
  • Schneider D. Insect olfaction: deciphering system for chemical messages. Science. 1969 Mar 7;163(3871):1031–1037. [PubMed]
  • Charlton RE, Webster FX, Zhang A, Schal C, Liang D, Sreng I, Roelofs WL. Sex pheromone for the brownbanded cockroach is an unusual dialkyl-substituted alpha-pyrone. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1993 Nov 1;90(21):10202–10205. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Roelofs W, Comeau A, Hill A, Milicevic G. Sex attractant of the codling moth: characterization with electroantennogram technique. Science. 1971 Oct 15;174(4006):297–299. [PubMed]
  • Jeffcoat R. The biosynthesis of unsaturated fatty acids and its control in mammalian liver. Essays Biochem. 1979;15:1–36. [PubMed]
  • Thiede MA, Ozols J, Strittmatter P. Construction and sequence of cDNA for rat liver stearyl coenzyme A desaturase. J Biol Chem. 1986 Oct 5;261(28):13230–13235. [PubMed]
  • Ntambi JM, Buhrow SA, Kaestner KH, Christy RJ, Sibley E, Kelly TJ, Jr, Lane MD. Differentiation-induced gene expression in 3T3-L1 preadipocytes. Characterization of a differentially expressed gene encoding stearoyl-CoA desaturase. J Biol Chem. 1988 Nov 25;263(33):17291–17300. [PubMed]
  • Kaestner KH, Ntambi JM, Kelly TJ, Jr, Lane MD. Differentiation-induced gene expression in 3T3-L1 preadipocytes. A second differentially expressed gene encoding stearoyl-CoA desaturase. J Biol Chem. 1989 Sep 5;264(25):14755–14761. [PubMed]
  • Stukey JE, McDonough VM, Martin CE. Isolation and characterization of OLE1, a gene affecting fatty acid desaturation from Saccharomyces cerevisiae. J Biol Chem. 1989 Oct 5;264(28):16537–16544. [PubMed]
  • Raina AK, Klun JA. Brain factor control of sex pheromone production in the female corn earworm moth. Science. 1984 Aug 3;225(4661):531–533. [PubMed]
  • Raina AK, Jaffe H, Kempe TG, Keim P, Blacher RW, Fales HM, Riley CT, Klun JA, Ridgway RL, Hayes DK. Identification of a neuropeptide hormone that regulates sex pheromone production in female moths. Science. 1989 May 19;244(4906):796–798. [PubMed]
  • Kitamura A, Nagasawa H, Kataoka H, Inoue T, Matsumoto S, Ando T, Suzuki A. Amino acid sequence of pheromone-biosynthesis-activating neuropeptide (PBAN) of the silkworm, Bombyx mori. Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 1989 Aug 30;163(1):520–526. [PubMed]
  • Kitamura A, Nagasawa H, Kataoka H, Ando T, Suzuki A. Amino acid sequence of pheromone biosynthesis activating neuropeptide-II (PBAN-II) of the silkmoth, Bombyx mori. Agric Biol Chem. 1990 Sep;54(9):2495–2497. [PubMed]
  • Masler EP, Raina AK, Wagner RM, Kochansky JP. Isolation and identification of a pheromonotropic neuropeptide from the brain-suboesophageal ganglion complex of Lymantria dispar: a new member of the PBAN family. Insect Biochem Mol Biol. 1994 Sep;24(8):829–836. [PubMed]
  • Martinez T, Fabriás G, Camps F. Sex pheromone biosynthetic pathway in Spodoptera littoralis and its activation by a neurohormone. J Biol Chem. 1990 Jan 25;265(3):1381–1387. [PubMed]
  • Kawano T, Kataoka H, Nagasawa H, Isogai A, Suzuki A. cDNA cloning and sequence determination of the pheromone biosynthesis activating neuropeptide of the silkworm, Bombyx mori. Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 1992 Nov 30;189(1):221–226. [PubMed]
  • Ma PW, Knipple DC, Roelofs WL. Structural organization of the Helicoverpa zea gene encoding the precursor protein for pheromone biosynthesis-activating neuropeptide and other neuropeptides. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1994 Jul 5;91(14):6506–6510. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Raina AK, Kingan TG, Mattoo AK. Chemical signals from host plant and sexual behavior in a moth. Science. 1992 Jan 31;255(5044):592–594. [PubMed]
  • Hildebrand JG. Analysis of chemical signals by nervous systems. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1995 Jan 3;92(1):67–74. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Stengl M, Hatt H, Breer H. Peripheral processes in insect olfaction. Annu Rev Physiol. 1992;54:665–681. [PubMed]
  • Vickers NJ, Baker TC. Reiterative responses to single strands of odor promote sustained upwind flight and odor source location by moths. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1994 Jun 21;91(13):5756–5760. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Roelofs W, Glover T, Tang XH, Sreng I, Robbins P, Eckenrode C, Löfstedt C, Hansson BS, Bengtsson BO. Sex pheromone production and perception in European corn borer moths is determined by both autosomal and sex-linked genes. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1987 Nov;84(21):7585–7589. [PMC free article] [PubMed]

Articles from Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America are provided here courtesy of National Academy of Sciences

Formats:

Related citations in PubMed

See reviews...See all...

Cited by other articles in PMC

See all...

Links

  • Cited in Books
    Cited in Books
    PubMed Central articles cited in books
  • PubMed
    PubMed
    PubMed citations for these articles