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Plant Physiol. May 1982; 69(5): 1181–1188.
PMCID: PMC426381

Elicitation of Casbene Synthetase Activity in Castor Bean 1

THE ROLE OF PECTIC FRAGMENTS OF THE PLANT CELL WALL IN ELICITATION BY A FUNGAL ENDOPOLYGALACTURONASE

Abstract

Endopolygalacturonase isolated from culture filtrates of the fungus Rhizopus stolonifer was shown previously to act as an elicitor of biosynthetic capacity for the antifungal agent, casbene, in castor bean (Ricinus communis L.) seedlings (S.-C. Lee, C.A. West 1981 Plant Physiology 67:633-639). Selective amidation of exposed carboxyl groups of the pure fungal endopolygalacturonase using intermediate activation with a water-soluble carbodiimide under mild conditions leads to inactivation of its enzymic activity. Tests of active and partially inactivated preparations of the enzyme reveal a close correlation between the levels of catalytic and elicitor activities. This suggests that the catalytic activity of the enzyme is necessary for its function as an elicitor. Treatment of the cell-free particulate fraction of homogenates of castor bean seedlings with the active fungal endopolygalacturonase results in the production of a heat-stable, water-soluble component which is highly active as an elicitor of casbene synthetase activity. Several additional lines of evidence, including the susceptibility of the heat-stable elicitor fraction to partial inactivation following prolonged treatment with endopolygalacturonase, indicate that the heat-stable elicitor is most likely a pectic fragment of the plant cell wall and that it is a required intermediate in the process of elicitation of casbene synthetase activity by the fungal endopolygalacturonase.

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Selected References

These references are in PubMed. This may not be the complete list of references from this article.
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