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Plant Physiol. Feb 1982; 69(2): 411–415.
PMCID: PMC426220

Relation of Polyamine Biosynthesis to the Initiation of Sprouting in Potato Tubers 1

Abstract

The polyamines putrescine, spermidine, and spermine and their biosynthetic enzymes arginine decarboxylase, ornithine decarboxylase and S-adenosyl-l-methionine decarboxylase are present in all parts of dormant potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) tubers. They are equally distributed among the buds of apical and lateral regions and in nonbud tissues. However, the breaking of dormancy and initiation of sprouting in the apical bud region are accompanied by a rapid increase in ornithine decarboxylase and S-adenosyl-l-methionine decarboxylase activities, as well as by higher levels of putrescine, spermidine, and spermine in the apical buds. In contrast, the polyamine biosynthetic enzyme activities and titer remain practically unchanged in the dormant lateral buds and in the nonbud tissues. The rapid rise in ornithine decarboxylase, but not arginine decarboxylase activity, with initiation of sprouting suggests that ornithine decarboxylase is the rate-limiting enzyme in polyamine biosynthesis. The low level of polyamine synthesis during dormancy and its dramatic increase in buds in the apical region at break of dormancy suggest that polyamine synthesis is linked to sprouting, perhaps causally.

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Selected References

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