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EMBO J. May 1993; 12(5): 2159–2168.
PMCID: PMC413437

Reduction of the disulfide bond of chromogranin B (secretogranin I) in the trans-Golgi network causes its missorting to the constitutive secretory pathways.


The role of the single, highly conserved disulfide bond in chromogranin B (secretogranin I) on the sorting of this regulated secretory protein to secretory granules was investigated in the neuroendocrine cell line PC12. Treatment of PC12 cells with dithiothreitol (DTT), a membrane permeable thiol reducing agent known to prevent disulfide bond formation in intact cells, resulted in the secretion of newly synthesized chromogranin B, but only slightly decreased the intracellular storage of newly synthesized secretogranin II, a regulated secretory protein devoid of cysteines. The secretion of newly synthesized chromogranin B in the presence of DTT occurred with similar kinetics to those of a heparan sulfate proteoglycan, a known marker of the constitutive secretory pathway in PC12 cells. Analysis of the various secretory vesicles derived from the trans-Golgi network (TGN) indicated that DTT treatment diverted newly synthesized chromogranin B to constitutive secretory vesicles, whereas the packaging of secretogranin II into immature secretory granules was unaffected by the reducing agent. The chromogranin B molecules diverted to constitutive secretory vesicles, in contrast to those stored in secretory granules, were found to contain free sulfhydryl residues. The effect of DTT on chromogranin B occurred in the TGN rather than in the endoplasmic reticulum. We conclude that the sorting of CgB in the TGN to secretory granules is dependent upon the integrity of its single disulfide bond.

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Selected References

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