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Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. Dec 19, 1995; 92(26): 12357–12361.
PMCID: PMC40356

Amino-terminal protein processing in Saccharomyces cerevisiae is an essential function that requires two distinct methionine aminopeptidases.

Abstract

We previously characterized a methionine aminopeptidase (EC 3.4.11.18; Met-AP1; also called peptidase M) in Saccharomyces cerevisiae, which differs from its prokaryotic homologues in that it (i) contains an N-terminal zinc-finger domain and (ii) does not produce lethality when disrupted, although it does slow growth dramatically; it is encoded by a gene called MAP1. Here we describe a second methionine aminopeptidase (Met-AP2) in S. cerevisiae, encoded by MAP2, which was cloned as a suppressor of the slow-growth phenotype of the map1 null strain. The DNA sequence of MAP2 encodes a protein of 421 amino acids that shows 22% identity with the sequence of yeast Met-AP1. Surprisingly, comparison with sequences in the GenBank data base showed that the product of MAP2 has even greater homology (55% identity) with rat p67, which was characterized as an initiation factor 2-associated protein but not yet shown to have Met-AP activity. Transformants of map1 null cells expressing MAP2 in a high-copy-number plasmid contained 3- to 12-fold increases in Met-AP activity on different peptide substrates. The epitope-tagged suppressor gene product was purified by immunoaffinity chromatography and shown to contain Met-AP activity. To evaluate the physiological significance of Met-AP2, the MAP2 gene was deleted from wild-type and map1 null yeast strains. The map2 null strain, like the map1 null strain, is viable but with a slower growth rate. The map1, map2 double-null strains are nonviable. Thus, removal of N-terminal methionine is an essential function in yeast, as in prokaryotes, but yeast require two methionine aminopeptidases to provide the essential function which can only be partially provided by Met-AP1 or Met-AP2 alone.

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