• We are sorry, but NCBI web applications do not support your browser and may not function properly. More information
Logo of pnasPNASInfo for AuthorsSubscriptionsAboutThis Article
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. Jul 1, 1992; 89(13): 5961–5965.
PMCID: PMC402118

Estimating substitution rates from molecular data using the coalescent.

Abstract

A coalescent model is used to estimate the rate at which neutral substitutions occur in a DNA sequence, without the necessity for an independent estimate of divergence times. Given a random sample of molecular sequences from a finite population, the distribution of the time to a common ancestor can be obtained from the coalescent model. With this principle, summary statistics are developed that use the distribution of molecular diversity within the sample to estimate the relative magnitude of nucleotide substitution rates. If, in addition, the effective population size is known, absolute substitution rates can also be estimated. These techniques are illustrated by estimating the transition rates that underlie the evolution of the first 360 nucleotides of the mitochondrial control region in an Amerindian tribal population.

Full text

Full text is available as a scanned copy of the original print version. Get a printable copy (PDF file) of the complete article (1.1M), or click on a page image below to browse page by page. Links to PubMed are also available for Selected References.

Selected References

These references are in PubMed. This may not be the complete list of references from this article.
  • Kaplan N, Risko K. A method for estimating rates of nucleotide substitution using DNA sequence data. Theor Popul Biol. 1982 Jun;21(3):318–328. [PubMed]
  • Kimura M, Ota T. On the stochastic model for estimation of mutational distance between homologous proteins. J Mol Evol. 1972 Dec 29;2(1):87–90. [PubMed]
  • Neel JV, Thompson EA. Founder effect and number of private polymorphisms observed in Amerindian tribes. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1978 Apr;75(4):1904–1908. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Strobeck C. Estimation of the neutral mutation rate in a finite population from DNA sequence data. Theor Popul Biol. 1983 Oct;24(2):160–172. [PubMed]
  • Griffiths RC. Genealogical-tree probabilities in the infinitely-many-site model. J Math Biol. 1989;27(6):667–680. [PubMed]
  • Griffiths RC. Allele frequencies in multidimensional Wright-Fisher models with a general symmetric mutation structure. Theor Popul Biol. 1980 Feb;17(1):51–70. [PubMed]
  • Golding GB, Strobeck C. The distribution of nucleotide site differences between two finite sequences. Theor Popul Biol. 1982 Aug;22(1):96–107. [PubMed]
  • Vigilant L, Pennington R, Harpending H, Kocher TD, Wilson AC. Mitochondrial DNA sequences in single hairs from a southern African population. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1989 Dec;86(23):9350–9354. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Horai S, Hayasaka K. Intraspecific nucleotide sequence differences in the major noncoding region of human mitochondrial DNA. Am J Hum Genet. 1990 Apr;46(4):828–842. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Ward RH, Frazier BL, Dew-Jager K, Päbo S. Extensive mitochondrial diversity within a single Amerindian tribe. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1991 Oct 1;88(19):8720–8724. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Sawyer SA, Dykhuizen DE, Hartl DL. Confidence interval for the number of selectively neutral amino acid polymorphisms. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1987 Sep;84(17):6225–6228. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Avise JC, Ball RM, Arnold J. Current versus historical population sizes in vertebrate species with high gene flow: a comparison based on mitochondrial DNA lineages and inbreeding theory for neutral mutations. Mol Biol Evol. 1988 Jul;5(4):331–344. [PubMed]
  • Brown WM, George M, Jr, Wilson AC. Rapid evolution of animal mitochondrial DNA. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1979 Apr;76(4):1967–1971. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Felsenstein J. Phylogenies from molecular sequences: inference and reliability. Annu Rev Genet. 1988;22:521–565. [PubMed]

Articles from Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America are provided here courtesy of National Academy of Sciences

Formats:

Related citations in PubMed

See reviews...See all...

Cited by other articles in PMC

See all...

Links

  • Compound
    Compound
    PubChem Compound links
  • MedGen
    MedGen
    Related information in MedGen
  • PubMed
    PubMed
    PubMed citations for these articles
  • Substance
    Substance
    PubChem Substance links

Recent Activity

Your browsing activity is empty.

Activity recording is turned off.

Turn recording back on

See more...