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Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. Mar 19, 1996; 93(6): 2285–2289.
PMCID: PMC39787

The role of surface loops (residues 204-216 and 627-646) in the motor function of the myosin head.

Abstract

A characteristic feature of all myosins is the presence of two sequences which despite considerable variations in length and composition can be aligned with loops 1 (residues 204-216) and 2 (residues 627-646) in the chicken myosin-head heavy chain sequence. Recently, an intriguing hypothesis has been put forth suggesting that diverse performances of myosin motors are achieved through variations in the sequences of loops 1 and 2 [Spudich, J. (1994) Nature (London) 372, 515-518]. Here, we report on the study of the effects of tryptic digestion of these loops on the motor and enzymatic functions of myosin. Tryptic digestions of myosin, which produced heavy meromyosin (HMM) with different percentages of molecules cleaved at both loop 1 and loop 2, resulted in the consistent decrease in the sliding velocity of actin filaments over HMM in the in vitro motility assays, did not affect the Vmax, and increased the Km values for actin-activated ATPase of HMM. Selective cleavage of loop 2 on HMM decreased its affinity for actin but did not change the sliding velocity of actin in the in vitro motility assays. The cleavage of loop 1 and HMM decreased the mean sliding velocity of actin in such assays by almost 50% but did not alter its affinity for HMM. To test for a possible kinetic determinant of the change in motility, 1-N6-ethenoadenosine diphosphate (epsilon-ADP) release from cleaved and uncleaved myosin subfragment 1 (S1) was examined. Tryptic digestion of loop 1 slightly accelerated the release of epsilon-ADP from S1 but did not affect the rate of epsilon-ADP release from acto-S1 complex. Overall, the results of this work support the hypothesis that loop 1 can modulate the motor function of myosin and suggest that such modulation involves a mechanism other than regulation of ADP release from myosin.

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Selected References

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