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Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. Nov 1983; 80(22): 6872–6876.
PMCID: PMC390088

Biosynthesis of peroxisomal enzymes in the methylotrophic yeast Hansenula polymorpha

Abstract

The dramatic expansion of the peroxisomal compartment known to occur in the methanol-utilizing yeast Hansenula polymorpha on transfer from glucose- to methanol-containing media was shown to be accompanied by the synthesis of at least six major polypeptides that dominate the polypeptide pattern of total cell extracts analyzed by NaDodSO4/polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. Two of these polypeptides have been identified by immunochemical methods as the monomers of the peroxisomal enzymes alcohol oxidase and catalase. We have studied the biosynthesis of these two peroxisomal enzymes, both by in vitro translation and by in vivo labeling experiments. By the criterion of mobility in NaDodSO4/polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis, the in vitro- and in vivo-synthesized monomers were indistinguishable from each other, both in the case of alcohol oxidase and in that of catalase. Thus, neither of these peroxisomal enzymes appear to be synthesized as larger precursors. However, further analysis of in vitro-synthesized versus mature peroxisomal alcohol oxidase showed that the in vitro-synthesized form sedimented as a 5S monomer and not, like the mature peroxisomal enzyme, as a 20S octamer. Moreover, the in vitro-synthesized form was highly susceptible to trypsin digestion whereas the mature 20S octamer appeared to be resistant.

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