• We are sorry, but NCBI web applications do not support your browser and may not function properly. More information
Logo of jcinvestThe Journal of Clinical InvestigationCurrent IssueArchiveSubscriptionAbout the Journal
J Clin Invest. Aug 1984; 74(2): 657–661.
PMCID: PMC370520

1 alpha,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 suppresses proliferation and immunoglobulin production by normal human peripheral blood mononuclear cells.


Activated B and T lymphocytes from normal human subjects are known to have the specific high-affinity receptor for 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 (1,25-(OH)2-D3). In an attempt to determine a functional role for the sterol in such cells, we studied the effect of 1,25-(OH)2-D3 on DNA synthesis and Ig production by normal human peripheral blood mononuclear (PBM) cells activated in vitro by the polyclonal lymphocyte activators pokeweed mitogen and phytohemagglutinin, and the specific antigen dermatophyton O. A dose-dependent inhibition of [3H]thymidine incorporation was observed in cells incubated with 1,25-(OH)2-D3 in concentrations ranging from 10(-10) to 10(-7) M. Production of IgG and IgM, determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, was similarly inhibited by increasing concentrations of 1,25-(OH)2-D3. Half-maximal inhibition of DNA and Ig synthesis was found at 10(-10) to 10(-9) M 1,25-(OH)2-D3. This suppressive effect was specific for 1,25-(OH)2-D3; of the other vitamin D metabolites examined, only 10(-7) M 24R,25 dihydroxyvitamin D3 (24,25-(OH)2-D3) had a similar inhibitory effect. 1,25-(OH)2-D3 was not cytotoxic and did not affect unactivated PBMs. These data demonstrate that 1,25-(OH)2-D3 is a potent inhibitor of human PBM Ig production in vitro and suggest that this action is mediated through the hormone's antiproliferative effect on Ig-producing B cells and/or helper T cells.

Full text

Full text is available as a scanned copy of the original print version. Get a printable copy (PDF file) of the complete article (650K), or click on a page image below to browse page by page. Links to PubMed are also available for Selected References.

Selected References

These references are in PubMed. This may not be the complete list of references from this article.
  • Wecksler WR, Norman AW. Biochemical properties of 1 alpha, 25-dihydroxyvitamin D receptors. J Steroid Biochem. 1980 Aug;13(8):977–989. [PubMed]
  • Franceschi RT, Simpson RU, DeLuca HF. Binding proteins for vitamin D metabolites: serum carriers and intracellular receptors. Arch Biochem Biophys. 1981 Aug;210(1):1–13. [PubMed]
  • Frampton RJ, Omond SA, Eisman JA. Inhibition of human cancer cell growth by 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 metabolites. Cancer Res. 1983 Sep;43(9):4443–4447. [PubMed]
  • McCarthy DM, San Miguel JF, Freake HC, Green PM, Zola H, Catovsky D, Goldman JM. 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 inhibits proliferation of human promyelocytic leukaemia (HL60) cells and induces monocyte-macrophage differentiation in HL60 and normal human bone marrow cells. Leuk Res. 1983;7(1):51–55. [PubMed]
  • Bhalla AK, Amento EP, Clemens TL, Holick MF, Krane SM. Specific high-affinity receptors for 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 in human peripheral blood mononuclear cells: presence in monocytes and induction in T lymphocytes following activation. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 1983 Dec;57(6):1308–1310. [PubMed]
  • Abe E, Miyaura C, Sakagami H, Takeda M, Konno K, Yamazaki T, Yoshiki S, Suda T. Differentiation of mouse myeloid leukemia cells induced by 1 alpha,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1981 Aug;78(8):4990–4994. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Provvedini DM, Tsoukas CD, Deftos LJ, Manolagas SC. 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 receptors in human leukocytes. Science. 1983 Sep 16;221(4616):1181–1183. [PubMed]
  • Bradford MM. A rapid and sensitive method for the quantitation of microgram quantities of protein utilizing the principle of protein-dye binding. Anal Biochem. 1976 May 7;72:248–254. [PubMed]
  • KISSANE JM, ROBINS E. The fluorometric measurement of deoxyribonucleic acid in animal tissues with special reference to the central nervous system. J Biol Chem. 1958 Jul;233(1):184–188. [PubMed]
  • Benya PD, Shaffer JD. Dedifferentiated chondrocytes reexpress the differentiated collagen phenotype when cultured in agarose gels. Cell. 1982 Aug;30(1):215–224. [PubMed]
  • Bouillon R, Van Assche FA, Van Baelen H, Heyns W, De Moor P. Influence of the vitamin D-binding protein on the serum concentration of 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3. Significance of the free 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 concentration. J Clin Invest. 1981 Mar;67(3):589–596. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Bar-Shavit Z, Teitelbaum SL, Reitsma P, Hall A, Pegg LE, Trial J, Kahn AJ. Induction of monocytic differentiation and bone resorption by 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1983 Oct;80(19):5907–5911. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Bouillon R, van Baelen H, de Moor P. Comparative study of the affinity of the serum vitamin D-binding protein. J Steroid Biochem. 1980 Sep;13(9):1029–1034. [PubMed]
  • Pahwa SG, Good RA, Hoffmann MK. The role of mitogens and antigens in the generation of antibody-producing human B lymphocytes. J Clin Immunol. 1981 Apr;1(2):101–105. [PubMed]

Articles from The Journal of Clinical Investigation are provided here courtesy of American Society for Clinical Investigation


Related citations in PubMed

See reviews...See all...

Cited by other articles in PMC

See all...


  • Compound
    PubChem Compound links
  • MedGen
    Related information in MedGen
  • PubMed
    PubMed citations for these articles
  • Substance
    PubChem Substance links

Recent Activity

Your browsing activity is empty.

Activity recording is turned off.

Turn recording back on

See more...