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Mol Cell Biol. Apr 1988; 8(4): 1670–1676.
PMCID: PMC363327

Microinjection of fos-specific antibodies blocks DNA synthesis in fibroblast cells.


Transcription of the protooncogene c-fos is increased greater than 10-fold within minutes of treatment of fibroblasts with serum or purified growth factors. Recent experiments with mouse 3T3 cell lines containing inducible fos antisense RNA constructs have shown that induced fos antisense RNA transcripts cause either a marked inhibition of growth in continuously proliferating cells or, conversely, a minimal effect except during the transition from a quiescent (G0) state into the cell cycle. Since intracellular production of large amounts of antisense RNA does not completely block gene expression, we microinjected affinity-purified antibodies raised against fos to determine whether and when during the cell cycle c-fos expression was required for cell proliferation. Using this independent method, we found that microinjected fos antibodies efficiently blocked serum-stimulated DNA synthesis when injected up to 6 to 8 h after serum stimulation of quiescent REF-52 fibroblasts. Furthermore, when fos antibodies were injected into asynchronously growing cells, a consistently greater number of cells was prevented from synthesizing DNA than when cells were injected with nonspecific immunoglobulins. Thus, whereas the activity of c-fos may be necessary for transition of fibroblasts from G0 to G1 of the cell cycle, its function is also required during the early G1 portion of the cell cycle to allow subsequent DNA synthesis.

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Selected References

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