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Mol Cell Biol. Jun 1994; 14(6): 4286–4294.
PMCID: PMC358795

GATA elements are necessary for the activity and tissue specificity of the T-cell receptor beta-chain transcriptional enhancer.

Abstract

Three high-affinity binding sites for the GATA family of transcriptional regulators have been identified within the T-cell receptor beta-chain (TCR beta) transcriptional enhancer, and their functional significance has been determined in an effort to understand the T-cell specificity of the enhancer more fully. One site, TE4, is important for activity of the enhancer in T cells. Neither site TE1 nor site TE2 can functionally replace a mutated TE4 site in T cells; however, the same protein, probably GATA-3, binds all three sites, as judged by electrophoretic mobility shift, oligonucleotide competition, and proteolytic clipping assays. These data suggest that additional proteins are critical for the ability of GATA-3 to activate the TCR beta enhancer. In fibroblasts, the GATA sequence at site TE1 appears to bind a negative regulator. Since this is not true in B cells, B cells and fibroblasts appear to have different mechanisms for negative regulation of the TCR beta enhancer.

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Selected References

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