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Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. Jun 1984; 81(11): 3292–3296.
PMCID: PMC345493

Goblin (ankyrin) in striated muscle: identification of the potential membrane receptor for erythroid spectrin in muscle cells.


Goblin , a high molecular weight (Mr, 260,000) polypeptide of avian erythrocyte plasma membranes characterized by hormone-dependent phosphorylation, is shown by a variety of criteria to be the avian equivalent of ankyrin, the membrane attachment protein for spectrin; a polyclonal monospecific goblin antiserum reacts specifically with ankyrin from mammalian erythrocyte ghosts; goblin and ankyrin have highly homologous, although distinct, two-dimensional peptide maps; and, in reconstitution experiments, goblin binds to spectrin and band 3 in approximately the same molar ratio as ankyrin. Immunoautoradiography and immunofluorescence with goblin antiserum reveal that a serologically related polypeptide (Mr, 235,000) is present in highly purified membrane fractions of mammalian myocardium and in whole extracts of adult chicken cardiac and skeletal muscle-nonerythroid tissues which express predominantly the erythroid (alpha beta-) spectrin phenotype. Erythroid spectrin and goblin (ankyrin) are codistributed in skeletal muscle at the sarcolemma as discrete foci adjacent to the Z lines and, in pectoral muscle, also at the periphery of the Z discs. These spatial relationships indicate that goblin and spectrin in muscle cells form a structural framework that serves as the attachment site for the myofiber at the level of the Z line on the sarcolemma.

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