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Nucleic Acids Res. 1987 Feb 25; 15(4): 1377–1386.
PMCID: PMC340555

Adjustment of the tRNA population to the codon usage in chloroplasts.


In chloroplasts there is a correlation between the amounts of tRNAs specific for a given amino acid and the codons specifying this amino acid. Furthermore, for the amino acids coded for by more than one codon, the population of isoaccepting tRNAs is adjusted to the frequency of synonymous codons used in chloroplast protein genes. A comparison by two-dimensional gel electrophoresis of the tRNA populations extracted from chloroplasts and from chloroplast polysomes shows that all chloroplast tRNAs are involved in protein biosynthesis.

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Selected References

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