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Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. Sep 1978; 75(9): 4194–4198.
PMCID: PMC336078

Procedure for preparation of liposomes with large internal aqueous space and high capture by reverse-phase evaporation.


Large unilamellar and oligolamellar vesicles are formed when an aqueous buffer is introduced into a mixture of phospholipid and organic solvent and the organic solvent is subsequently removed by evaporation under reduced pressure. These vesicles can be made from various lipids or mixtures of lipids and have aqueous volume to lipid ratios that are 30 times higher than sonicated preparations and 4 times higher than multilamellar vesicles. Most importantly, a substantial fraction of the aqueous phase (up to 62% at low salt concentrations) is entrapped within the vesicles, encapsulating even large macromolecular assemblies with high efficiency. Thus, this relatively simple technique has unique advantages for encapsulating valuable water-soluble materials such as drugs, proteins, nucleic acids, and other biochemical reagents. The preparation and properties of the vesicles are described in detail.

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Selected References

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