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Logo of nihpaAbout Author manuscriptsSubmit a manuscriptNIH Public Access; Author Manuscript; Accepted for publication in peer reviewed journal;
Genes Immun. Author manuscript; available in PMC Mar 9, 2012.
Published in final edited form as:
PMCID: PMC3297968
NIHMSID: NIHMS360954

FLI1 polymorphism affects susceptibility to cutaneous leishmaniasis in Brazil

Abstract

Mapping murine genes controlling cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) identified Fli1 as a candidate influencing resistance to L. major and enhanced wound healing. We examine FLI1 as a gene controlling CL and mucosal leishmaniasis (ML) caused by L. braziliensis in humans. Intron 1 single nucleotide polymorphisms tagging promoter and enhancer elements were analysed in 168 nuclear families (250 CL; 87 ML cases) and replicated in 157 families (402 CL; 39 ML cases). Robust case-pseudocontrol logistic regression analysis showed association between allele C (odds ratio (OR) 1.65; 95% confidence interval 1.18–2.29; P = 0.003) of FLI1_rs7930515 and CL in the primary sample that was confirmed (OR 1.60; 95% confidence interval 1.10–2.33; P = 0.014) in the replication set (combined P = 1.8 × 10−4). FLI1_rs7930515 is in linkage disequilibrium with the functional GAn microsatellite in the proximal promoter. Haplotype associations extended across the enhancer, which was not polymorphic. ML associated with inverse haplotypes compared with CL. Wound healing is therefore important in CL, providing potential for therapies modulating FLI1.

Keywords: FLI1, cutaneous leishmaniasis, wound healing, genetic susceptibility
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