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Nucleic Acids Res. May 11, 1991; 19(9): 2489–2494.
PMCID: PMC329462

The computer simulation of RNA folding involving pseudoknot formation.


The algorithm and the program for the prediction of RNA secondary structure with pseudoknot formation have been proposed. The algorithm simulates stepwise folding by generating random structures using Monte Carlo method, followed by the selection of helices to final structure on the basis of both their probabilities of occurrence in a random structure and free energy parameters. The program versions have been tested on ribosomal RNA structures and on RNAs with pseudoknots evidenced by experimental data. It is shown that the simulation of folding during RNA synthesis improves the results. The introduction of pseudoknot formation permits to predict the pseudoknotted structures and to improve the prediction of long-range interactions. The computer program is rather fast and allows to predict the structures for long RNAs without using large memory volumes in usual personal computer.

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Selected References

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