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J Inj Violence Res. Jan 2012; 4(1): 1.
PMCID: PMC3291280

Injury epidemiology and publishing injury research

In the Dictionary of Epidemiology, Professor Last offers the following definition: “Epidemiology is the study of the distribution and determinants of health-related states or events in specified populations, and the application of this study to the control of health problems”.1 I similarly try to define injury epidemiology as the study of the distribution and determinants of injuries and safety related states-events in specified populations, and the application of this study to prevent injuries and promote safety.

The published research on injuries falls into this category only if it is produced based on the general perspectives of epidemiology and meets the necessary methodological standards. Injury epidemiology needs to be redirected from the largely descriptive studies, towards applying rigorous analytical methods for defining the underlying casual patterns of injury, determinants of the injury incidence, severity, and outcomes; and designing, implementing and rigorously evaluating interventions.2Although many journals try to be quite rigorous in assessing the methodological soundness of published articles, it is not uncommon for many of them, including some of the more well-known journals, to publish articles with various degrees of methodological flaws. I have provided examples of such flaws in published burn injury research.3

JIVR gives a high priority to publishing research reports that are in line with the needs mentioned above and which use various epidemiological study designs to address injury and violence problems. JIVR has published many articles with sufficient variability in study populations, objectives and methodologies. This can be seen in our recent issue, Vol 4: No 1. Of the seven original articles published, one used a qualitative methodology.4The second article used secondary data analysis on data from the World Health Organization and the United Nations data banks.5A retrospective cohort study design was used in the third article to examine the effect on fetal development of high doses of drugs taken as a suicide attempt during pregnancy.6In this issue we also published an interventional study from Sweden.7Ecologic study design, although of limited value in assessing the causal relationships , is a useful cost-effective study design in epidemiology. The fifth article used this methodology to investigate the association between the use of the Mental Health Act and general population suicide rates in England and Wales.8The last two original articles we published in Vol 4: No 1 issue of JIVR analyzed determinants of victimization from bullying,9and determinants of traffic injury severity.10

Footnotes

Funding:None

Competing interests:None declared

Ethical approval:Not required

References

1. Last JM. Dictionary of Epidemiology. Third edition ed. New York: Oxford University Press, 1995.
2. MacKenzie EJ. Epidemiology of injuries: current trends and future challenges. Epidemiol Rev. 2000;22(1):112–9. [PubMed]
3. Sadeghi-Bazargani H, Mohammadi R. Epidemiology of burns in Iran during the last decade(2000-2010): review of literature and methodological considerations. Burns.In press. [PubMed]
4. Dongre AR, Deshmukh PR. Farmers' suicides in the Vidarbha region of Maharashtra, India: a qualitative exploration of their causes. J Inj Violence Res. 2012 Jan;4(1):2–6. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
5. Shah A. A replication of the relationship between adversity earlier in life and elderly suicide rates using five years cross-national data. J Inj Violence Res. 2012 Jan;4(1):7–9. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
6. Petik D, Czeizel B, Banhidy F, Czeizel AE. A study of the risk of mental retardation among children of pregnant women who have attempted suicide by means of a drug overdose. J Inj Violence Res. 2012 Jan;4(1):10–9. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
7. Lindqvist K, Dalal K. The impact of child safety promotion on different social strata in a WHO Safe Community. J Inj Violence Res. 2012 Jan;4(1):20–5. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
8. Shah A. The relationship between the use of mental health act and general population suicide rates in England and Wales. J Inj Violence Res. 2012 Jan;4(1):26–9. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
9. Siziya S, Rudatsikira E, Muula AS. Victimization from bullying among school-attending adolescents in grades 7 to 10 in Zambia. J Inj Violence Res. 2012 Jan;4(1):30–5. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
10. Tavakoli Kashani A, Shariat Mohaymany A, Ranjbari A. Analysis of factors associated with traffic injury severity on rural roads in Iran. J Inj Violence Res. 2012 Jan;4(1):36–41. [PMC free article] [PubMed]

Articles from Journal of Injury and Violence Research are provided here courtesy of Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences

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