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Nucleic Acids Res. 1989 Aug 11; 17(15): 6029–6041.
PMCID: PMC318258

Replication of wheat dwarf virus DNA in protoplasts and analysis of coat protein mutants in protoplasts and plants.


The replication of wheat dwarf virus (WDV) in protoplasts derived from a Triticum monococcum suspension cell system was investigated. The production of circular viral double-stranded DNA (dsDNA) forms consistent with the replication of the viral genome was observed. In comparison to whole plants, the production of viral single-stranded DNA (ssDNA) was reduced, possibly due to only low levels of viral coat protein being produced in the protoplasts. Mutations introduced into the viral coat protein open reading frame (ORF) did not affect the ability of the viral DNA to replicate, and a deletion of ca. 400 bp was tolerated. However, these mutations abolished the infectivity of the viral genome when agroinoculated onto wheat plants, providing evidence that, contrary to the case for the bipartite geminiviruses, the coat protein is essential for infection by WDV.

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