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Infect Immun. Oct 1990; 58(10): 3325–3329.
PMCID: PMC313657

Cloning and nucleotide sequence of a heat-stable enterotoxin gene from Vibrio cholerae non-O1 isolated from a patient with traveler's diarrhea.

Abstract

We determined the nucleotide sequence of the heat-stable enterotoxin (STa) gene of the Vibrio cholerae non-O1 strain NRT36 isolated from a patient with traveler's diarrhea. The gene is chromosomally encoded and the presumed product is 78 amino acids in length, with a molecular weight of 8,814, though the genes of Escherichia coli STa(s) (STh and STp) are encoded in plasmid DNA and both products are 72 amino acids in length. The first 18 amino acids at the NH2 terminus were hydrophobic, suggesting that this region of the polypeptide acts as a signal sequence for the toxin. The last 17 amino acids at the COOH terminus were identical to those deduced from the toxin (NAG-ST) produced by V. cholerae non-O1 strain A-5 isolated from a frozen shrimp. The deduced amino acid sequence of the NAG-ST precursor had 50 and 46% homology to those of E. coli STh and STp, respectively. The hydropathy plot analysis of each predicted protein revealed similar profiles between them, suggesting that the NAG-ST precursor has structural similarity to those of E. coli STa(s).

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