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Cell Stress Chaperones. Jun 1999; 4(2): 102–117.
PMCID: PMC312925

Phosphorylation of Drosophila heat shock transcription factor


The role that phosphorylation plays in regulating heat shock factor (HSF) function and activity has been the subject of several studies. Here, we demonstrate that Drosophila melanogaster HSF (DmHSF) is a phosphoprotein that is multiply phosphorylated at some sites and is dephosphorylated at others upon heat shock. However, the steady-state level of phosphorylation of Drosophila HSF remains unchanged after heat shock. Phosphoamino-acid analysis reveals that predominantly serine residues are phosphorylated for both the non-shocked and heat shocked molecules. Gel mobility shift assays using extracts from SL2 cells treated with a variety of phosphatase and kinase inhibitors show little or no effect on the heat shock induced DNA binding activity of HSF or on its recovery. We conclude that phosphorylation plays no significant role in regulating the heat induced DNA binding activity of Drosophila HSF.

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