Logo of celstresspringer.comThis journalToc AlertsSubmit OnlineOpen ChoiceThis Journal
Cell Stress Chaperones. 1999 Feb; 4(1): 29–35.
PMCID: PMC312915

Identification of human heat shock protein 60 (Hsp60) and anti-Hsp60 antibodies in the peripheral circulation of normal individuals


Although primarily regarded as being intracellular, this study has identified the presence of heat shock protein 60 (Hsp60) in the peripheral circulation of normal individuals. The median Hsp60 concentration was approximately 3.5-fold higher in females than in males and significantly higher levels of anti-human Hsp60 antibodies were also detected in females. There were no differences in the levels of antibodies to mycobacterial Hsp60 between males and females, nor did antibody levels correlate with Hsp60 concentrations. Hsp60 was not released from mitogenically stimulated peripheral blood mononuclear cells. The potential physiological roles for circulating Hsp60 are unknown. Given the emerging evidence that inappropriate reactivity to heat shock proteins is involved in autoimmune disease and that T cells responsive to self Hsp60 appear to be protective, these findings suggest that circulating Hsp60 may be involved in the regulation of tolerance to self and immunity to bacterial forms of these widely expressed and structurally conserved proteins.

Full Text

The Full Text of this article is available as a PDF (626K).

Articles from Cell Stress & Chaperones are provided here courtesy of Cell Stress Society International


Save items

Related citations in PubMed

See reviews...See all...

Cited by other articles in PMC

See all...


  • Gene
    Gene records that cite the current articles. Citations in Gene are added manually by NCBI or imported from outside public resources.
  • GEO Profiles
    GEO Profiles
    Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) Profiles of molecular abundance data. The current articles are references on the Gene record associated with the GEO profile.
  • HomoloGene
    HomoloGene clusters of homologous genes and sequences that cite the current articles. These are references on the Gene and sequence records in the HomoloGene entry.
  • MedGen
    Related information in MedGen
  • PubMed
    PubMed citations for these articles

Recent Activity

Your browsing activity is empty.

Activity recording is turned off.

Turn recording back on

See more...