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Nucleic Acids Res. Feb 11, 1992; 20(3): 587–594.
PMCID: PMC310427

In vitro DNA replication implicates O2-ethyldeoxythymidine in transversion mutagenesis by ethylating agents.

Abstract

A 36-nucleotide oligomer containing a single O2-ethyldeoxythymidine (O2-Et-dT) adduct at a specific site was synthesized. The oligomer, which corresponds to a specific DNA sequence in gene G of bacteriophage phi X174, was used as a template by T7 DNA polymerase to investigate the in vitro mutagenic specificity of O2-Et-dT. At 10 microM dNTP and 5 mM Mg++, the progress of T7 DNA polymerase was interrupted by O2-Et-dT: 80% 3' to O2-Et-dT and 14% after incorporating a nucleotide opposite O2-Et-dT (incorporation-dependent blocked product). DNA synthesis past the lesion was low (6%). Incorporation of a nucleotide opposite O2-Et-dT and subsequent postlesion synthesis were enhanced by increasing the dNTP concentration, with postlesion synthesis reaching 30% at 200 microM. Postlesion synthesis was further increased to 45% by addition of 10 mM dAMP to the polymerization reactions. DNA sequencing revealed that both dA and dT were incorporated opposite O2-Et-dT with dA incorporation impeding the progress of DNA synthesis. dT incorporation was efficiently extended implicating O2-Et-dT in transversion mutagenesis in vivo. These studies provide a basis for understanding the molecular mechanisms by which ethylating agents contribute to cytotoxicity, A.T transversion mutagenesis and activation of the oncogene neu by an A.T----T.A transversion event in rat neuroblastomas.

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Selected References

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