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Emerg Infect Dis. Dec 2003; 9(12): 1608–1610.
PMCID: PMC3034341

Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Epidemic in Asia

Abstract

We analyzed the dynamics of cumulative severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) cases in Singapore, Hong Kong, and Beijing using the Richards model. The predicted total SARS incidence was close to the actual number of cases; the predicted cessation date was close to the lower limit of the 95% confidence interval.

Keywords: SARS, infectious disease, population dynamics, Richards model, net reproductive rate, cumulative cases

As of May 15, 2003, the cumulative number of reported probable cases of severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) was >7,600 worldwide (1). In the 28 countries reporting SARS cases, the People’s Republic of China (PRC), particularly the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region and the Beijing Municipality, reported most of the cases. The Beijing municipal government took various measures to prevent the spread of SARS. As in Hong Kong (2,3), measures in Beijing included wearing masks and handwashing, mandatory home quarantine of persons who had contact with probable SARS patients, suspension of schools and universities for 2 weeks, restrictions on public gatherings, screening body temperatures of air travelers, discouragement of mass migration by air or train, designation of special hospitals for the treatment of SARS patients, and education on SARS transmission and personal protection. The number of new cases reported daily in Beijing were high (e.g., 39 new cases on May 14, 2003), and public and health authorities were concerned about how extensive the SARS epidemic might be and when the SARS epidemic might be brought under control if intervention measures were continued.

The Study (details in separate file)

Conclusions (details in separate file)

Table
Predicted epidemic cessation date and maximum number of cases severe acute respiratory syndrome
Figure
Epidemiologic depiction of epidemic of severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) in Beijing, Hong Kong, and Singapore. The number of daily confirmed SARS cases and 5-day moving average are represented by the left graphs. The observed and predicted cumulative ...

Supplementary Material

The Study:
Conclusions:

Acknowledgment

We thank three anonymous reviewers for their constructive criticism.

Biographies

• 

Dr. Guofa Zhou is a senior research scientist at the State University of New York at Buffalo. His research interest is the ecology and epidemiology of infectious diseases.

• 

Dr. Guiyun Yan is an associate professor of biological sciences at SUNY Buffalo; his research focuses on the ecology and genetics of infectious diseases.

Footnotes

Suggested citation for this article: Zhou G, Yan G. Severe acute respiratory syndrome epidemic in Asia. Emerg Infect Dis [serial online] 2003 Dec [date cited]. Available from: URL: http://www.cdc.gov/ncidod/EID/vol9no12/03-0382.htm

References

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