• We are sorry, but NCBI web applications do not support your browser and may not function properly. More information
Logo of aemPermissionsJournals.ASM.orgJournalAEM ArticleJournal InfoAuthorsReviewers
Appl Environ Microbiol. Jan 1980; 39(1): 233–241.
PMCID: PMC291309

Adherent bacterial populations on the bovine rumen wall: distribution patterns of adherent bacteria.

Abstract

Fourteen tissue sites from the bovine reticulo-rumen were examined by scanning electron microscopy to determine the distribution patterns of bacterial populations adhering to the epithelium. Although diet variations did not appear to influence the total number of tissue-adherent bacteria present in adult Herefords, diet affected their distribution. It appeared that the distribution of the bacterial populations may be directly affected by the physical state of the digesta. The digesta may be mechanically removing adherent bacteria from the tissue surface by abrasive action. The total adherent population consisted of subpopulations with separate distribution patterns, and macropopulations of morphologically similar bacteria were occasionally observed at specific sites on the epithelial surface. Ureolytic organisms on the epithelium followed a distribution pattern considerably different from the general bacterial distribution.

Full text

Full text is available as a scanned copy of the original print version. Get a printable copy (PDF file) of the complete article (2.6M), or click on a page image below to browse page by page. Links to PubMed are also available for Selected References.

Images in this article

Click on the image to see a larger version.

Selected References

These references are in PubMed. This may not be the complete list of references from this article.
  • BALCH CC. Factors affecting the utilization of food by dairy cows; the rate of passage of food through the digestive tract. Br J Nutr. 1950;4(4):361–388. [PubMed]
  • BALCH CC. Structure of the ruminant stomach and the movement of its contents. Proc Nutr Soc. 1959;18:97–102. [PubMed]
  • Bauchop T, Clarke RT, Newhook JC. Scanning electron microscope study of bacteria associated with the rumen epithelium of sheep. Appl Microbiol. 1975 Oct;30(4):668–675. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Bayer RC, Chawan CB, Bird FH. Scanning electron microscopy of the chicken crop--the avian rumen? Poult Sci. 1975 May;54(3):703–707. [PubMed]
  • Breznak JA, Pankratz HS. In situ morphology of the gut microbiota of wood-eating termites [Reticulitermes flavipes (Kollar) and Coptotermes formosanus Shiraki]. Appl Environ Microbiol. 1977 Feb;33(2):406–426. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Chalupa W. Metabolic aspects of nonprotein nitrogen utilization in ruminant animals. Fed Proc. 1972 May-Jun;31(3):1152–1164. [PubMed]
  • Chase DG, Erlandsen SL. Evidence for a complex life cycle and endospore formation in the attached, filamentous, segmented bacterium from murine ileum. J Bacteriol. 1976 Jul;127(1):572–583. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Cheng KJ, McCowan RP, Costerton JW. Adherent epithelial bacteria in ruminants and their roles in digestive tract function. Am J Clin Nutr. 1979 Jan;32(1):139–148. [PubMed]
  • Cook AR. Urease activity in the rumen of sheep and the isolation of ureolytic bacteria. J Gen Microbiol. 1976 Jan;92(1):32–48. [PubMed]
  • Davis CP. Preservation of gastrointestinal bacteria and their microenvironmental associations in rats by freezing. Appl Environ Microbiol. 1976 Feb;31(2):304–312. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Davis CP, Savage DC. Habitat, succession, attachment, and morphology of segmented, filamentous microbes indigenous to the murine gastrointestinal tract. Infect Immun. 1974 Oct;10(4):948–956. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Davis CP, Savage DC. Effect of penicillin on the succession, attachment, and morphology of segmented, filamentous microbes in the murine small bowel. Infect Immun. 1976 Jan;13(1):180–188. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Delluva AM, Markley K, Davies RE. The absence of gastric urease in germ-free animals. Biochim Biophys Acta. 1968 Mar 25;151(3):646–650. [PubMed]
  • Finegold SM, Sutter VL. Fecal flora in different populations, with special reference to diet. Am J Clin Nutr. 1978 Oct;31(10 Suppl):S116–S122. [PubMed]
  • Freter R. Possible effects of foreign DNA on pathogenic potential and intestinal proliferation of Escherichia coli. J Infect Dis. 1978 May;137(5):624–629. [PubMed]
  • Fuller R, Barrow PA, Brooker BE. Bacteria associated with the gastric epithelium of neonatal pigs. Appl Environ Microbiol. 1978 Mar;35(3):582–591. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Fuller R, Brooker BE. Lactobacilli which attach to the crop epithelium of the fowl. Am J Clin Nutr. 1974 Nov;27(11):1305–1312. [PubMed]
  • Gibbons RJ, Spinell DM, Skobe Z. Selective adherence as a determinant of the host tropisms of certain indigenous and pathogenic bacteria. Infect Immun. 1976 Jan;13(1):238–246. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Gibbons RJ, Houte JV. Bacterial adherence in oral microbial ecology. Annu Rev Microbiol. 1975;29:19–44. [PubMed]
  • Houpt TR, Houpt KA. Transfer of urea nitrogen across the rumen wall. Am J Physiol. 1968 Jun;214(6):1296–1303. [PubMed]
  • McCowan RP, Cheng KJ, Bailey CB, Costerton JW. Adhesion of bacteria to epithelial cell surfaces within the reticulo-rumen of cattle. Appl Environ Microbiol. 1978 Jan;35(1):149–155. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Reiser S, Szepesi B. SCOGS report on the health aspects of sucrose consumption. Am J Clin Nutr. 1978 Jan;31(1):9–11. [PubMed]
  • Salanitro JP, Blake IG, Muirehead PA, Maglio M, Goodman JR. Bacteria isolated from the duodenum, ileum, and cecum of young chicks. Appl Environ Microbiol. 1978 Apr;35(4):782–790. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Visek WJ. Effects of urea hydrolysis on cell life-span and metabolism. Fed Proc. 1972 May-Jun;31(3):1178–1193. [PubMed]
  • Von Engelhardt W, Hales JR. Partition of capillary blood flow in rumen, reticulum, and omasum of sheep. Am J Physiol. 1977 Jan;232(1):E53–E56. [PubMed]
  • Wallace RJ, Cheng KJ, Dinsdale D, Orskov ER. An independent microbial flora of the epithelium and its role in the ecomicrobiology of the rumen. Nature. 1979 May 31;279(5712):424–426. [PubMed]
  • Watanabe T, Morotomi M, Suegara N, Kawai Y, Mutai M. Distribution of indigenous Lactobacilli in the digestive tract of conventional and gnotobiotic rats. Microbiol Immunol. 1977;21(4):183–191. [PubMed]

Articles from Applied and Environmental Microbiology are provided here courtesy of American Society for Microbiology (ASM)

Formats:

Related citations in PubMed

See reviews...See all...

Cited by other articles in PMC

See all...

Links

  • PubMed
    PubMed
    PubMed citations for these articles

Recent Activity

Your browsing activity is empty.

Activity recording is turned off.

Turn recording back on

See more...