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Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. Nov 1970; 67(3): 1353–1360.
PMCID: PMC283359

Enzymatic Carboxylation of Biotin: Molecular and Catalytic Properties of a Component Enzyme of Acetyl CoA Carboxylase*

Abstract

The biotin carboxylase component of acetyl CoA carboxylase has been purified approximately 2000 times from Escherichia coli. This protein, which catalyzes the carboxylation of free d-biotin, is free of the biotin-containing carboxyl carrier protein, is homogeneous by polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis and analytical ultracentrifugation, and has been crystallized. Biotin carboxylase, with a molecular weight of approximately 100,000, is composed of two 50,000-dalton subunits. The catalytic capacity of biotin carboxylase is markedly enhanced by ethanol (11 times at 15% v/v), and certain other organic solvents; this may mimic an effector-mediated response. The kinetic effect is exclusively on the maximal velocity of the reaction. Activation by ethanol is reversible and not accompanied by aggregation or disaggregation of the enzyme.

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Selected References

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