• We are sorry, but NCBI web applications do not support your browser and may not function properly. More information
Logo of pnasPNASInfo for AuthorsSubscriptionsAboutThis Article
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. Nov 1988; 85(22): 8405–8409.
PMCID: PMC282466

A signal peptide encoded within the precore region of hepatitis B virus directs the secretion of a heterogeneous population of e antigens in Xenopus oocytes.

Abstract

Using synthetic hepatitis B virus (HBV) mRNAs, we have shown that expression of HBV core-antigen gene sequences in Xenopus oocytes leads to the stable accumulation of 21-kDa cytoplasmic core protein (P21). In contrast, expression of precore plus core sequences leads mainly to the secretion of a heterogeneous population of proteins ranging in size from 15 to 22 kDa that collectively display viral e antigen (HBeAg) activity. We demonstrate that the precore region contains a cleavable 19 amino acid signal peptide that targets the precore proteins to the secretory pathway. The initial product of translocation (P22) is further processed during migration through the secretory pathway, apparently by a series of cleavage events at the arginine-rich carboxyl terminus, to yield multiple proteins of 15-18 kDa (P15-P18) that are secreted along with some P22. Our results indicate that serum HBeAg is generated by a signal peptide-mediated secretion event dependent on precore sequences.

Full text

Full text is available as a scanned copy of the original print version. Get a printable copy (PDF file) of the complete article (1.3M), or click on a page image below to browse page by page. Links to PubMed are also available for Selected References.

Images in this article

Selected References

These references are in PubMed. This may not be the complete list of references from this article.
  • Nordenfelt E, Kjellén L. Dane particles, DNA polymerase, and e-antigen in two different categories of hepatitis B antigen carriers. Intervirology. 1975;5(3-4):225–232. [PubMed]
  • Takahashi K, Imai M, Tsuda F, Takahashi T, Miyakawa Y. Association of dane particles with e antigen in the serum of asymptomatic carriers of hepatitis B surface antigen. J Immunol. 1976 Jul;117(1):102–105. [PubMed]
  • Takahashi K, Akahane Y, Gotanda T, Mishiro T, Imai M, Miyakawa Y, Mayumi M. Demonstration of hepatitis B e antigen in the core of Dane particles. J Immunol. 1979 Jan;122(1):275–279. [PubMed]
  • MacKay P, Lees J, Murray K. The conversion of hepatitis B core antigen synthesized in E coli into e antigen. J Med Virol. 1981;8(4):237–243. [PubMed]
  • Takahashi K, Machida A, Funatsu G, Nomura M, Usuda S, Aoyagi S, Tachibana K, Miyamoto H, Imai M, Nakamura T, et al. Immunochemical structure of hepatitis B e antigen in the serum. J Immunol. 1983 Jun;130(6):2903–2907. [PubMed]
  • Ohori H, Yamaki M, Onodera S, Yamada E, Ishida N. Antigenic conversion from HBcAg to HBeAg by degradation of hepatitis B core particles. Intervirology. 1980;13(2):74–82. [PubMed]
  • Enders GH, Ganem D, Varmus H. Mapping the major transcripts of ground squirrel hepatitis virus: the presumptive template for reverse transcriptase is terminally redundant. Cell. 1985 Aug;42(1):297–308. [PubMed]
  • Büscher M, Reiser W, Will H, Schaller H. Transcripts and the putative RNA pregenome of duck hepatitis B virus: implications for reverse transcription. Cell. 1985 Mar;40(3):717–724. [PubMed]
  • Ou JH, Laub O, Rutter WJ. Hepatitis B virus gene function: the precore region targets the core antigen to cellular membranes and causes the secretion of the e antigen. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1986 Mar;83(6):1578–1582. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Roossinck MJ, Jameel S, Loukin SH, Siddiqui A. Expression of hepatitis B viral core region in mammalian cells. Mol Cell Biol. 1986 May;6(5):1393–1400. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • McLachlan A, Milich DR, Raney AK, Riggs MG, Hughes JL, Sorge J, Chisari FV. Expression of hepatitis B virus surface and core antigens: influences of pre-S and precore sequences. J Virol. 1987 Mar;61(3):683–692. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Roossinck MJ, Siddiqui A. In vivo phosphorylation and protein analysis of hepatitis B virus core antigen. J Virol. 1987 Apr;61(4):955–961. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Standring DN, Ou JH, Rutter WJ. Assembly of viral particles in Xenopus oocytes: pre-surface-antigens regulate secretion of the hepatitis B viral surface envelope particle. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1986 Dec;83(24):9338–9342. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Craik CS, Largman C, Fletcher T, Roczniak S, Barr PJ, Fletterick R, Rutter WJ. Redesigning trypsin: alteration of substrate specificity. Science. 1985 Apr 19;228(4697):291–297. [PubMed]
  • Melton DA, Krieg PA, Rebagliati MR, Maniatis T, Zinn K, Green MR. Efficient in vitro synthesis of biologically active RNA and RNA hybridization probes from plasmids containing a bacteriophage SP6 promoter. Nucleic Acids Res. 1984 Sep 25;12(18):7035–7056. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Garcia PD, Ou JH, Rutter WJ, Walter P. Targeting of the hepatitis B virus precore protein to the endoplasmic reticulum membrane: after signal peptide cleavage translocation can be aborted and the product released into the cytoplasm. J Cell Biol. 1988 Apr;106(4):1093–1104. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Junker M, Galle P, Schaller H. Expression and replication of the hepatitis B virus genome under foreign promoter control. Nucleic Acids Res. 1987 Dec 23;15(24):10117–10132. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Schlicht HJ, Salfeld J, Schaller H. The duck hepatitis B virus pre-C region encodes a signal sequence which is essential for synthesis and secretion of processed core proteins but not for virus formation. J Virol. 1987 Dec;61(12):3701–3709. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Uy A, Bruss V, Gerlich WH, Köchel HG, Thomssen R. Precore sequence of hepatitis B virus inducing e antigen and membrane association of the viral core protein. Virology. 1986 Nov;155(1):89–96. [PubMed]
  • Bruss V, Gerlich WH. Formation of transmembraneous hepatitis B e-antigen by cotranslational in vitro processing of the viral precore protein. Virology. 1988 Apr;163(2):268–275. [PubMed]
  • Weimer T, Salfeld J, Will H. Expression of the hepatitis B virus core gene in vitro and in vivo. J Virol. 1987 Oct;61(10):3109–3113. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Miller RH. Proteolytic self-cleavage of hepatitis B virus core protein may generate serum e antigen. Science. 1987 May 8;236(4802):722–725. [PubMed]
  • Standring DN, Rutter WJ. The molecular analysis of hepatitis B virus. Prog Liver Dis. 1986;8:311–333. [PubMed]
  • Ganem D, Varmus HE. The molecular biology of the hepatitis B viruses. Annu Rev Biochem. 1987;56:651–693. [PubMed]
  • Chang C, Enders G, Sprengel R, Peters N, Varmus HE, Ganem D. Expression of the precore region of an avian hepatitis B virus is not required for viral replication. J Virol. 1987 Oct;61(10):3322–3325. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Edwards SA, Fan H. Sequence relationship of glycosylated and unglycosylated gag polyproteins of Moloney murine leukemia virus. J Virol. 1980 Jul;35(1):41–51. [PMC free article] [PubMed]

Articles from Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America are provided here courtesy of National Academy of Sciences

Formats:

Related citations in PubMed

See reviews...See all...

Cited by other articles in PMC

See all...

Links

Recent Activity

Your browsing activity is empty.

Activity recording is turned off.

Turn recording back on

See more...