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J Clin Microbiol. Oct 1984; 20(4): 684–686.
PMCID: PMC271411

Enzymatic profiles of Enterobacter sakazakii and related species with special reference to the alpha-glucosidase reaction and reproducibility of the test system.


The enzymatic profiles of Enterobacter sakazakii, Enterobacter cloacae, Enterobacter aerogenes, and Enterobacter agglomerans were determined with the API ZYM system (API System S.A., La Balme Les Grottes, France). Each assay was performed three times. A simple formula was derived and applied to assess the reproducibility of the API ZYM tests. In addition, a separate alpha-glucosidase test was performed. All E. sakazakii isolates produced alpha-glucosidase, in contrast to the other Enterobacter isolates. No phosphoamidase activity was detected in any of the E. sakazakii isolates, whereas it was present in 72% of E. cloacae, 89% of E. agglomerans, and 100% of E. aerogenes isolates. It was concluded that detection of alpha-glucosidase permits rapid and reliable differentiation between E. sakazakii and other Enterobacter species. The reproducibilities of alpha-glucosidase and phosphoamidase reactions were estimated to be 89 and 81%, respectively.

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Selected References

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