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J Clin Microbiol. Dec 1993; 31(12): 3305–3309.
PMCID: PMC266409

Karyotyping of Cryptococcus neoformans as an epidemiological tool.


Karyotyping of Cryptococcus neoformans var. neoformans can be used as an epidemiological tool for C. neoformans infections. In this study of over 40 isolates from both clinical and environmental sources, 90% had a unique chromosome banding by pulsed-field electrophoresis. There was no conserved pattern associated with body site of infection, geographical location of the isolate, or human immunodeficiency virus status. Karyotypes of individual isolates remained stable during both in vitro passage and in vivo infections. Karyotype was used to exclude the possibility of nosocomial spread of C. neoformans in one clinical situation and supported relapse in two other cases. Because of its variable sizes between isolates, karyotyping of C. neoformans is a convenient method for molecular identification of different strains.

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