Logo of eidLink to Publisher's site
Emerg Infect Dis. 2000 Jul-Aug; 6(4): 393–396.
PMCID: PMC2640895

Antibiotic resistance in Escherichia coli from Nigerian students, 1986 1998.


We tested 758 fecal Escherichia coli isolates, recovered from Nigerian students in 1986, 1988, 1990, 1994, and 1998, for susceptibility to seven antimicrobial drugs. The prevalences of strains resistant to tetracycline, ampicillin, chloramphenicol, and streptomycin were 9% to 35% in 1986 and 56% to 100% in 1998. These findings demonstrate that resistance gene reservoirs are increasing in healthy persons.

Full Text

The Full Text of this article is available as a PDF (58K).

Selected References

These references are in PubMed. This may not be the complete list of references from this article.
  • Calva JJ, Sifuentes-Osornio J, Cerón C. Antimicrobial resistance in fecal flora: longitudinal community-based surveillance of children from urban Mexico. Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 1996 Jul;40(7):1699–1702. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Hoge CW, Gambel JM, Srijan A, Pitarangsi C, Echeverria P. Trends in antibiotic resistance among diarrheal pathogens isolated in Thailand over 15 years. Clin Infect Dis. 1998 Feb;26(2):341–345. [PubMed]
  • Hart CA, Kariuki S. Antimicrobial resistance in developing countries. BMJ. 1998 Sep 5;317(7159):647–650. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • O'Brien TF. The global epidemic nature of antimicrobial resistance and the need to monitor and manage it locally. Clin Infect Dis. 1997 Jan;24 (Suppl 1):S2–S8. [PubMed]
  • Levy SB, Marshall B, Schluederberg S, Rowse D, Davis J. High frequency of antimicrobial resistance in human fecal flora. Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 1988 Dec;32(12):1801–1806. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Levin BR, Lipsitch M, Perrot V, Schrag S, Antia R, Simonsen L, Walker NM, Stewart FM. The population genetics of antibiotic resistance. Clin Infect Dis. 1997 Jan;24 (Suppl 1):S9–16. [PubMed]
  • Levy SB. Antibiotic resistance: an ecological imbalance. Ciba Found Symp. 1997;207:1–14. [PubMed]
  • Tauxe RV, Cavanagh TR, Cohen ML. Interspecies gene transfer in vivo producing an outbreak of multiply resistant shigellosis. J Infect Dis. 1989 Dec;160(6):1067–1070. [PubMed]
  • Murray BE, Mathewson JJ, DuPont HL, Ericsson CD, Reves RR. Emergence of resistant fecal Escherichia coli in travelers not taking prophylactic antimicrobial agents. Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 1990 Apr;34(4):515–518. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Okeke IN, Lamikanra A, Edelman R. Socioeconomic and behavioral factors leading to acquired bacterial resistance to antibiotics in developing countries. Emerg Infect Dis. 1999 Jan-Feb;5(1):18–27. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Green S, Tillotson G. Use of ciprofloxacin in developing countries. Pediatr Infect Dis J. 1997 Jan;16(1):150–162. [PubMed]

Articles from Emerging Infectious Diseases are provided here courtesy of Centers for Disease Control and Prevention


Save items

Related citations in PubMed

See reviews...See all...

Cited by other articles in PMC

See all...


  • Cited in Books
    Cited in Books
    NCBI Bookshelf books that cite the current articles.
  • PubMed
    PubMed citations for these articles
  • Taxonomy
    Taxonomy records associated with the current articles through taxonomic information on related molecular database records (Nucleotide, Protein, Gene, SNP, Structure).
  • Taxonomy Tree
    Taxonomy Tree

Recent Activity

Your browsing activity is empty.

Activity recording is turned off.

Turn recording back on

See more...