• We are sorry, but NCBI web applications do not support your browser and may not function properly. More information
Logo of jnmaLink to Publisher's site
J Natl Med Assoc. Jul 2005; 97(7 Suppl): 13S–18S.
PMCID: PMC2640640

HIV risks and testing behavior among Asians and Pacific Islanders: results of the HIV Testing Survey, 2002-2003.

Abstract

INTRODUCTION: The HIV Testing Survey (HITS) was developed to examine HIV testing and risk behavior in individuals at risk for HIV infection. The first Seattle HITS was conducted in 2000 (HITS-2000); HITS was conducted in Seattle again in 2002-2003 among Asians and Pacific Islanders (HITS-API). METHODS: Both HITS projects, HITS-API and HITS-2000, included anonymously targeted participants from at-risk populations. Data from the surveys were compared to see whether there were differences in HIV testing behavior between API and a general at-risk population in the Seattle area. Data were analyzed for 165 participants in HITS-API and 270 in HITS-2000. RESULTS: More API (90%) perceived themselves at some HIV risk relative to HITS-2000 participants (71%, chi2 p<0.05). In HITS-API and HITS-2000, participants reported significant HIV risks--no or inconsistent condom use with nonprimary partners or sharing injection equipment. Only 47% of HITS-API participants tested in the past year compared with 64% of HITS-2000. There was no association between HIV testing and risks in HITS-API. CONCLUSIONS: Based on self-report from HITS-API, the overall perceived risk for HIV infection was high, many engaged in high-risk behaviors, and HIV testing was suboptimal.

Full text

Full text is available as a scanned copy of the original print version. Get a printable copy (PDF file) of the complete article (1.0M), or click on a page image below to browse page by page. Links to PubMed are also available for Selected References.

Selected References

These references are in PubMed. This may not be the complete list of references from this article.
  • Sy FS, Chng CL, Choi ST, Wong FY. Epidemiology of HIV and AIDS among Asian and Pacific Islander Americans. AIDS Educ Prev. 1998 Jun;10(3 Suppl):4–18. [PubMed]
  • Wortley PM, Metler RP, Hu DJ, Fleming PL. AIDS among Asians and Pacific Islanders in the United States. Am J Prev Med. 2000 Apr;18(3):208–214. [PubMed]
  • Kelly JJ, Chu SY, Diaz T, Leary LS, Buehler JW. Race/ethnicity misclassification of persons reported with AIDS. The AIDS Mortality Project Group and The Supplement to HIV/AIDS Surveillance Project Group. Ethn Health. 1996 Mar;1(1):87–94. [PubMed]
  • HIV/AIDS among racial/ethnic minority men who have sex with men--United States, 1989-1998. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2000 Jan 14;49(1):4–11. [PubMed]
  • Chng Chwee Lye, Wong Frank Y, Park Royce J, Edberg Mark C, Lai David S. A model for understanding sexual health among Asian American/Pacific Islander men who have sex with men (MSM) in the United States. AIDS Educ Prev. 2003 Feb;15(1 Suppl A):21–38. [PubMed]
  • Nemoto T, Aoki B, Huang K, Morris A, Le MN, Nguyen H, Ching A, Wong W. HIV risk behaviors among Asian drug users in San Francisco. AIDS Educ Prev. 2000 Apr;12(2):126–140. [PubMed]
  • Kanuha VK. The impact of sexuality and race/ethnicity on HIV/AIDS risk among Asian and Pacific Island American (A/PIA) gay and bisexual men in Hawai'i. AIDS Educ Prev. 2000 Dec;12(6):505–518. [PubMed]
  • Chen MS, Jr, Hawks BL. A debunking of the myth of healthy Asian Americans and Pacific Islanders. Am J Health Promot. 1995 Mar-Apr;9(4):261–268. [PubMed]
  • Ja DY, Aoki B. Substance abuse treatment: cultural barriers in the Asian-American community. J Psychoactive Drugs. 1993 Jan-Mar;25(1):61–71. [PubMed]
  • Haverkos HW, Turner JF, Jr, Moolchan ET, Cadet JL. Relative rates of AIDS among racial/ethnic groups by exposure categories. J Natl Med Assoc. 1999 Jan;91(1):17–24. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Nemoto Tooru, Operario Don, Takenaka Mie, Iwamoto Mariko, Le Mai Nhung. HIV risk among Asian women working at massage parlors in San Francisco. AIDS Educ Prev. 2003 Jun;15(3):245–256. [PubMed]
  • Nemoto Tooru, Operario Don, Soma Toho. Risk behaviors of Filipino methamphetamine users in San Francisco: implications for prevention and treatment of drug use and HIV. Public Health Rep. 2002;117 (Suppl 1):S30–S38. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Choi Kyung-Hee, Han Chong-suk, Hudes Esther Sid, Kegeles Susan. Unprotected sex and associated risk factors among young Asian and Pacific Islander men who have sex with men. AIDS Educ Prev. 2002 Dec;14(6):472–481. [PubMed]
  • McFarland Willi, Chen Sanny, Weide Darlene, Kohn Robert, Klausner Jeffrey. Gay Asian men in San Francisco follow the international trend: increases in rates of unprotected anal intercourse and sexually transmitted diseases, 1999-2002. AIDS Educ Prev. 2004 Feb;16(1):13–18. [PubMed]
  • Wilson Patrick A, Yoshikawa Hirokazu. Experiences of and responses to social discrimination among Asian and Pacific Islander gay men: their relationship to HIV risk. AIDS Educ Prev. 2004 Feb;16(1):68–83. [PubMed]
  • Laumann EO, Youm Y. Racial/ethnic group differences in the prevalence of sexually transmitted diseases in the United States: a network explanation. Sex Transm Dis. 1999 May;26(5):250–261. [PubMed]
  • Stueve Ann, O'Donnell Lydia, Duran Richard, San Doval Alexi, Geier Jamie. Being high and taking sexual risks: findings from a multisite survey of urban young men who have sex with men. AIDS Educ Prev. 2002 Dec;14(6):482–495. [PubMed]
  • Thiede Hanne, Valleroy Linda A, MacKellar Duncan A, Celentano David D, Ford Wesley L, Hagan Holly, Koblin Beryl A, LaLota Marlene, McFarland William, Shehan Douglas A, et al. Regional patterns and correlates of substance use among young men who have sex with men in 7 US urban areas. Am J Public Health. 2003 Nov;93(11):1915–1921. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Price Rumi Kato, Risk Nathan K, Wong Mamie Mee, Klingle Renee Storm. Substance use and abuse by Asian Americans and Pacific Islanders: preliminary results from four national epidemiologic studies. Public Health Rep. 2002;117 (Suppl 1):S39–S50. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Nemoto Tooru, Operario Don, Soma Toho, Bao Daniel, Vajrabukka Alberto, Crisostomo Vincent. HIV risk and prevention among Asian/Pacific Islander men who have sex with men: listen to our stories. AIDS Educ Prev. 2003 Feb;15(1 Suppl A):7–20. [PubMed]
  • Choi Kyung-Hee, Operario Don, Gregorich Steven E, Han Lei. Age and race mixing patterns of sexual partnerships among Asian men who have sex with men: implications for HIV transmission and prevention. AIDS Educ Prev. 2003 Feb;15(1 Suppl A):53–65. [PubMed]
  • Bau I. Asians and Pacific Islanders and HIV prevention community planning. AIDS Educ Prev. 1998 Jun;10(3 Suppl):77–93. [PubMed]
  • Mao Limin, Van de Ven Paul, McCormick John. Individualism-collectivism, self-efficacy, and other factors associated with risk taking among gay Asian and Caucasian men. AIDS Educ Prev. 2004 Feb;16(1):55–67. [PubMed]

Articles from Journal of the National Medical Association are provided here courtesy of National Medical Association

Formats:

Related citations in PubMed

See reviews...See all...

Cited by other articles in PMC

See all...

Links

  • PubMed
    PubMed
    PubMed citations for these articles

Recent Activity

Your browsing activity is empty.

Activity recording is turned off.

Turn recording back on

See more...