• We are sorry, but NCBI web applications do not support your browser and may not function properly. More information
Logo of eidLink to Publisher's site
Emerg Infect Dis. 2001 Jan-Feb; 7(1): 35–42.
PMCID: PMC2631686

Geographic subdivision of the range of the malaria parasite Plasmodium vivax.

Abstract

We examined geographically distinct isolates of Plasmodium vivax and categorized them according to developmental success in Anopheles albimanus. We found that parasites from Central America and Colombia form a group distinct from those of Asia. New World isolates have a distinct chromosomal translocation and an episomal variation in the open reading frame (ORF) 470 DNA sequence that distinguishes them from the other isolates tested. Old World types of P. vivax were introduced into the Americas, and a remnant of this lineage remains in P. simium. It is indistinguishable from Old World P. vivax to the extent determinable by using our encoded markers and the examination of its developmental pattern in mosquitoes. The cohesive characteristics that separate types of P. vivax are predictors of range and potential for transmission and hence require taxonomic distinction.

Full Text

The Full Text of this article is available as a PDF (173K).

Selected References

These references are in PubMed. This may not be the complete list of references from this article.
  • Collins WE, Skinner JC, Pappaioanou M, Ma NS, Broderson JR, Sutton BB, Stanfill PS. Infection of Aotus vociferans (karyotype V) monkeys with different strains of Plasmodium vivax. J Parasitol. 1987 Jun;73(3):536–540. [PubMed]
  • Collins WE, Warren M, Huong AY, Skinner JC, Sutton BB, Stanfill PS. Studies of comparative infectivity of fifteen strains of Plasmodium vivax to laboratory-reared anopheline mosquitoes, with special reference to Anopheles culicifacies. J Parasitol. 1986 Aug;72(4):521–524. [PubMed]
  • Collins WE, McClure H, Strobert E, Skinner JC, Richardson BB, Roberts JM, Galland GG, Sullivan J, Morris CL, Adams SR. Experimental infection of Anopheles gambiae s.s., Anopheles freeborni and Anopheles stephensi with Plasmodium malariae and Plasmodium brasilianum. J Am Mosq Control Assoc. 1993 Mar;9(1):68–71. [PubMed]
  • Li J, Wirtz RA, McCutchan TF. Analysis of malaria parasite RNA from decade-old Giemsa-stained blood smears and dried mosquitoes. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 1997 Dec;57(6):727–731. [PubMed]
  • Li J, Wirtz RA, McConkey GA, Sattabongkot J, McCutchan TF. Transition of Plasmodium vivax ribosome types corresponds to sporozoite differentiation in the mosquito. Mol Biochem Parasitol. 1994 Jun;65(2):283–289. [PubMed]
  • Li J, Wirtz RA, McConkey GA, Sattabongkot J, Waters AP, Rogers MJ, McCutchan TF. Plasmodium: genus-conserved primers for species identification and quantitation. Exp Parasitol. 1995 Sep;81(2):182–190. [PubMed]
  • Wirtz RA, Burkot TR, Andre RG, Rosenberg R, Collins WE, Roberts DR. Identification of Plasmodium vivax sporozoites in mosquitoes using an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 1985 Nov;34(6):1048–1054. [PubMed]
  • Wilson RJ, Denny PW, Preiser PR, Rangachari K, Roberts K, Roy A, Whyte A, Strath M, Moore DJ, Moore PW, et al. Complete gene map of the plastid-like DNA of the malaria parasite Plasmodium falciparum. J Mol Biol. 1996 Aug 16;261(2):155–172. [PubMed]
  • Waters AP, McCutchan TF. Partial sequence of the asexually expressed SU rRNA gene of Plasmodium vivax. Nucleic Acids Res. 1989 Mar 11;17(5):2135–2135. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Escalante AA, Barrio E, Ayala FJ. Evolutionary origin of human and primate malarias: evidence from the circumsporozoite protein gene. Mol Biol Evol. 1995 Jul;12(4):616–626. [PubMed]
  • Vaidya AB, Morrisey J, Plowe CV, Kaslow DC, Wellems TE. Unidirectional dominance of cytoplasmic inheritance in two genetic crosses of Plasmodium falciparum. Mol Cell Biol. 1993 Dec;13(12):7349–7357. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Gupta S, Ferguson N, Anderson R. Chaos, persistence, and evolution of strain structure in antigenically diverse infectious agents. Science. 1998 May 8;280(5365):912–915. [PubMed]
  • Lal AA, de la Cruz VF, Collins WE, Campbell GH, Procell PM, McCutchan TF. Circumsporozoite protein gene from Plasmodium brasilianum. Animal reservoirs for human malaria parasites? J Biol Chem. 1988 Apr 25;263(12):5495–5498. [PubMed]
  • Escalante AA, Freeland DE, Collins WE, Lal AA. The evolution of primate malaria parasites based on the gene encoding cytochrome b from the linear mitochondrial genome. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1998 Jul 7;95(14):8124–8129. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Kain KC, Brown AE, Webster HK, Wirtz RA, Keystone JS, Rodriguez MH, Kinahan J, Rowland M, Lanar DE. Circumsporozoite genotyping of global isolates of Plasmodium vivax from dried blood specimens. J Clin Microbiol. 1992 Jul;30(7):1863–1866. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Gonzalez-Ceron L, Rodriguez MH, Nettel JC, Villarreal C, Kain KC, Hernandez JE. Differential susceptibilities of Anopheles albimanus and Anopheles pseudopunctipennis to infections with coindigenous Plasmodium vivax variants VK210 and VK247 in southern Mexico. Infect Immun. 1999 Jan;67(1):410–412. [PMC free article] [PubMed]

Articles from Emerging Infectious Diseases are provided here courtesy of Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

Formats:

Related citations in PubMed

See reviews...See all...

Cited by other articles in PMC

See all...

Links

Recent Activity

Your browsing activity is empty.

Activity recording is turned off.

Turn recording back on

See more...