• We are sorry, but NCBI web applications do not support your browser and may not function properly. More information
Logo of jnmaLink to Publisher's site
J Natl Med Assoc. Jul 2002; 94(7): 561–565.
PMCID: PMC2594301

The Jamaican hypertension prevalence study.

Abstract

This study was designed to investigate the prevalence of hypertension in Jamaica. Jamaica has an area of 4,411 square miles and is divided into 14 parishes. The visited districts were randomly selected. The sample population was selected based upon a two-stage stratified random sampling design. Each dwelling in the "Sampling Universe" had an equal probability of being selected. The survey team spent a week in the districts in each parish selected. Employing the Statistical Institute of Jamaica's (STATIN) two-stage stratified random sampling design, preselected house-holds were visited. Non-response was documented and considered in the final analysis. Only individuals 15 years and older were allowed to participate in the study. The 2,064 subjects who participated were the basis for estimates of hypertension. Following logistic regression analysis, the main risk factors for hypertension are being female, advancing age, obesity, having diabetes and having a family history of hypertension. Jamaica has a point prevalence of hypertension of 30.8% in the 15-and-over age group. These findings would greatly assist in formulating policies to deal with this scourge of society.

Full text

Full text is available as a scanned copy of the original print version. Get a printable copy (PDF file) of the complete article (788K), or click on a page image below to browse page by page. Links to PubMed are also available for Selected References.

Selected References

These references are in PubMed. This may not be the complete list of references from this article.
  • Ragoobirsingh D, Lewis-Fuller E, Morrison EY. The Jamaican Diabetes Survey. A protocol for the Caribbean. Diabetes Care. 1995 Sep;18(9):1277–1279. [PubMed]
  • Barceló A. Diabetes and hypertension in the Americas. West Indian Med J. 2000 Dec;49(4):262–265. [PubMed]
  • Kannel WB, Brand N, Skinner JJ, Jr, Dawber TR, McNamara PM. The relation of adiposity to blood pressure and development of hypertension. The Framingham study. Ann Intern Med. 1967 Jul;67(1):48–59. [PubMed]
  • Ferrannini E, Buzzigoli G, Bonadonna R, Giorico MA, Oleggini M, Graziadei L, Pedrinelli R, Brandi L, Bevilacqua S. Insulin resistance in essential hypertension. N Engl J Med. 1987 Aug 6;317(6):350–357. [PubMed]
  • Sowers JR, Khoury S, Standley P, Zemel P, Zemel M. Mechanisms of hypertension in diabetes. Am J Hypertens. 1991 Feb;4(2 Pt 1):177–182. [PubMed]
  • Sowers MR, Wallace RB, Lemke JH. The association of intakes of vitamin D and calcium with blood pressure among women. Am J Clin Nutr. 1985 Jul;42(1):135–142. [PubMed]
  • Hartz AJ, Rupley DC, Rimm AA. The association of girth measurements with disease in 32,856 women. Am J Epidemiol. 1984 Jan;119(1):71–80. [PubMed]
  • Anderson NB, McNeilly M, Myers H. Autonomic reactivity and hypertension in blacks: a review and proposed model. Ethn Dis. 1991 Spring;1(2):154–170. [PubMed]
  • Stamler R, Stamler J, Riedlinger WF, Algera G, Roberts RH. Family (parental) history and prevalence of hypertension. Results of a nationwide screening program. JAMA. 1979 Jan 5;241(1):43–46. [PubMed]
  • Canessa M, Spalvins A, Adragna N, Falkner B. Red cell sodium countertransport and cotransport in normotensive and hypertensive blacks. Hypertension. 1984 May-Jun;6(3):344–351. [PubMed]

Articles from Journal of the National Medical Association are provided here courtesy of National Medical Association

Formats:

Related citations in PubMed

See reviews...See all...

Cited by other articles in PMC

See all...

Links

  • MedGen
    MedGen
    Related information in MedGen
  • PubMed
    PubMed
    PubMed citations for these articles

Recent Activity

Your browsing activity is empty.

Activity recording is turned off.

Turn recording back on

See more...