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Infect Immun. Jun 1990; 58(6): 1769–1773.
PMCID: PMC258721

Phenotypic evaluation of acapsular transposon mutants of Vibrio vulnificus.

Abstract

Translucent, avirulent spontaneous phase variants of Vibrio vulnificus MO6-24 reverted back to the original opaque, encapsulated phenotype under both in vivo and in vitro conditions. Two translucent, acapsular mutants, which did not show phase variation, were constructed by using the transposon Tn5 IS50L::phoA (TnphoA). Loss of capsule was accompanied by decreases in virulence, hydrophilicity, and serum resistance. The ability to utilize transferrin-bound iron for growth was lost in only one of the two unencapsulated mutants. Our data emphasize the apparent importance of capsule in the virulence of V. vulnificus and indicate that utilization of transferrin-bound iron is independent of encapsulation.

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Selected References

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