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Infect Immun. Jul 1992; 60(7): 2900–2905.
PMCID: PMC257252

Rational attenuation of Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis: potential cheesy gland vaccine and live delivery vehicle.


The phospholipase D (PLD) gene (pld) has been deleted from the Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis chromosome by using site-specific mutagenesis. Sheep infection trials indicate that the PLD-negative C. pseudotuberculosis strain (Toxminus) is incapable of inducing caseous lymphadentis (cheesy gland) even at doses two logs higher than that at which the wild-type strain produces the disease. This clearly establishes PLD as a major C. pseudotuberculosis virulence factor. Vaccination of sheep with live Toxminus C. pseudotuberculosis elicits strong humoral and cell-mediated immune responses and protects the animals from wild-type challenge.

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Selected References

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