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J Natl Med Assoc. 1981 Nov; 73(11): 1047–1054.
PMCID: PMC2552804

Advanced Skin Cancer in Tanzanian Albinos: Preliminary Observations


Ten cases of advanced squamous cell carcinoma of the skin in albinos, treated by radiotherapy from 1973 to 1979 at the Muhimbili Medical Center of Dar-es-Salaam, have been reviewed. Age, sex, duration of symptoms, anatomic distribution, stage of disease, and treatment are reviewed. The relationship between albinism, sunlight, and skin cancer is discussed and a practical program of prevention is suggested. Advanced carcinoma of skin in albinos may be managed successfully with judicious radiation therapy. Excellent objective responses have been noted. No assessment of long-term control is made due to poor follow-up of patients.

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Selected References

These references are in PubMed. This may not be the complete list of references from this article.
  • Anderson C. Malignancies in mainland Tanzania: squamous cell carcinomas. Acta Trop. 1970;27(3):208–218. [PubMed]
  • Okoro AN. Albinism in Nigeria. A clinical and social study. Br J Dermatol. 1975 May;92(5):485–492. [PubMed]
  • KUGELMAN TP, VAN SCOTT EJ. Tyrosinase activity in melanocytes of human albinos. J Invest Dermatol. 1961 Jul;37:73–76. [PubMed]
  • Keeler C. Cuna Moon-child albinism, 1950-1970. J Hered. 1970 Nov-Dec;61(6):273–278. [PubMed]
  • BARNICOT NA. Albinism in south-western Nigeria. Ann Eugen. 1952 Aug;17(Pt 1):38–73. [PubMed]
  • SHAPIRO MP, KEEN P, COHEN L, MURRAY JF. Skin cancer in the South African Bantu. Br J Cancer. 1953 Mar;7(1):45–57. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Jelliffe DB, Jelliffe EF. Albinism among the San Blas Indians. Lancet. 1972 Feb 26;1(7748):487–488. [PubMed]
  • KENNEDY BJ, ZELICKSON AS. MELANOMA IN AN ALBINO. JAMA. 1963 Nov 30;186:839–841. [PubMed]
  • Kaminester LH. Sunlight, skin cancer, and suncreens. JAMA. 1975 Jun 30;232(13):1373–1374. [PubMed]

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