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BMJ. Sep 30, 1995; 311(7009): 848–852.
PMCID: PMC2550856

Has general practitioner computing made a difference to patient care? A systematic review of published reports.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE--To review findings from studies of the influence of desktop computers on primary care consultations. DESIGN--Systematic review of world reports from 1984 to 1994. SETTING--The computerised catalogues of Medline, BIDS, and GPlit were searched, as well as conference proceedings, books, bibliographies, and references in books and journal articles. SUBJECTS--30 papers met the inclusion criteria and were included for detailed review. INTERVENTIONS--A validated scheme for assessing methodological adequacy was used to score each paper. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES--Papers were rated on sample formation, baseline differences, unit of allocation, outcome measures, and follow up. Differences in outcomes were also recorded. RESULTS--Four of the six papers dealing with the consultation process showed that consultations took longer. Doctor initiated and "medical" content of consultations increased at the expense of a reduction in patient initiated and "social" content. Each of the 21 studies which looked at clinician performance showed an improvement when a computer was used (from 8% to 50%, with better results for single preventive measures). Only one of the three studies looking at patient outcomes showed an improvement (diastolic blood pressure control 5 mm Hg better after one year, with fewer doctor-patient consultations). CONCLUSIONS--Using a computer in the consultation may help improve clinician performance but may increase the length of the consultation. More studies are needed to assess the effects on patient outcomes of using a computer in consultations.

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Selected References

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