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J Virol. May 1989; 63(5): 2357–2360.
PMCID: PMC250657

Differences in replication of attenuated and neurovirulent polioviruses in human neuroblastoma cell line SH-SY5Y.

Abstract

A base change from C to U at position 472 of the 5' noncoding region of the poliovirus genome is known to be a major determinant of attenuation in the P3/Sabin vaccine strain. To determine the biochemical basis for the attenuated phenotype imparted by this mutation, a cell line in which replication of neurovirulent and attenuated viruses could be distinguished was identified. A pair of P3/Sabin-P2/Lansing viral recombinants that differ only at position 472 was used; the viruses replicated equally well in HeLa cells, but the virus with a U at base 472 was attenuated in mice. In the human neuroblastoma cell line SH-SY5Y, recombinants with a U at base 472 replicated to approximately 10-fold-lower titers than did neurovirulent viruses with a C at this position. Analysis of viral RNA and protein synthesis indicated that translation of the attenuated viral RNA was specifically reduced in SH-SY5Y cells.

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Selected References

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