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Bull World Health Organ. 1987; 65(1): 77–82.
PMCID: PMC2490866

Application of case management to the control of acute respiratory infections in low-birth-weight infants: a feasibility study


The feasibility of introducing a case management programme for acute respiratory infections among low-birth-weight infants at the primary health care level was investigated in 37 villages in the Indian state of Haryana. Twenty-one of the villages served as the intervention area, while the remaining 16 formed the control area. All low-birth-weight infants born in the two areas between January 1982 and September 1983 (199 in the intervention area and 211 in the control area) were included in the study. Primary health care workers were contacted in 38% of episodes of acute respiratory infections in the intervention area, in contrast to only 1% of episodes in the control area. Also, the mean duration of infections in the intervention area was significantly lower (P<0.01), while the case fatality was about 33% of that in the control area. The results indicate that the programme can be successfully incorporated into existing primary health care infrastructures.

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Selected References

These references are in PubMed. This may not be the complete list of references from this article.
  • Kumar V, Datta N. Birth weight as an indicator of health. Indian Pediatr. 1984 Feb;21(2):113–118. [PubMed]
  • Kumar V, Datta N, Saini SS. Infant mortality in a rural community development block in Haryana. Indian J Pediatr. 1982 Nov-Dec;49(401):795–802. [PubMed]
  • McCord C, Kielmann AA. A successful programme for medical auxiliaries treating childhood diarrhoea and pneumonia. Trop Doct. 1978 Oct;8(4):220–225. [PubMed]

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